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Landforms and Oceans
Terms in this set (37)
Breaking down of rocks and other materials on Earths surface
The process by which weathered material (sediment) is moved from one place to another.
The dropping or depositing of sediments by water, wind, or ice.
Processes that create (build up) landforms.
Processes that destroy landforms.
Mass movements of land down a slope due to gravity ; a destructive process.
An opening in the earths crust through which molten rock and hot gases escape; a constructive and a destructive process.
Volcano built up under the ocean.
Hot,melted rock inside earth
Magma/molten rock that reaches earths surface
Sudden, strong movement of earths crust.
Cracks in earths crust where earthquakes usually occur.
Occurs when a large amount of water covers land that is usually dry; a constructive and destructive process
Part of a continent that slopes gently away from the shoreline.
Steep ending of a continent between the continental shelf and the deep ocean floor.
An underwater mountain range.
An area between two faults/cracks in earths crust where the land is separating; forms a valley along the mid-ocean ridge.
Long, V shaped canyon on the ocean floor.
The deepest part of the ocean floor; made up of low hills and flat plains.
Large, flat area of the ocean basin.
Land on earth that is above the earths water.
Land on earth that is located below the oceans
Land areas along a coastline where the surface material is mostly sand.
Where the land meets the ocean.
Water movement going parallel to the shoreline that moves sand and water from one location to another.
Sea islands along a coastline that protect the mainland from waves, tides, and severe storms.
The wide lower end of a river where it flows into the ocean; has a mixture of fresh and saltwater; most SC rivers enter the ocean through the salt water estuaries
Indentations along the coastline where tides affect the flow of water; channels in the inlet often interconnect and somewhere provide access to the open ocean
Regular up-and-down movement, often caused by wind
Crest-the highest part of a wave
Trough-the lowest part of a wave
A wave that curls over and falls.
A giant sea wave caused by an underwater earthquake, volcanic eruption, or landslide
Streams of water that continually flow through the ocean moving large amounts of water from one place to another
Streams of water caused by the movement of earth and the direction of winds; some are warm and others are cold water.
Daily changes in the level of earths oceans
High tide- when the water level is at its highest point.
Low tide- when the water level is at its lowest point
Materials that people take or use from earth
The taking or using of natural resources causing harm to earths air, water- including oceans, or land
The efforts used that help to keep the natural resources of earth available and clear of pollution
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