13 terms

Constitution Principles

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Terms in this set (...)

Popular Sovereignty
The Power to Rule bases on the "Consent of the Governed. People=Power
Examples of Popular Sovereignty in the Constitution
• "We the people..." -Preamble
• All States must have a republic form of government (Article IV)
• Voting in Elections
• Jury Duty!
Limited Government
The power of the government must be limited. Absolute Power leads to abuse of human rights
Examples of Limited Government in the Constitution
• Preamble- lists the purpose of government
• Delegated Powers (Article I Section 8)- The government can issue taxes on the states.
• Denied Powers (Article I Sections 9 & 10)
• The Bill of Rights
• Everything =O
Federalism
Powers must be divided between the national and the national government and the states
Examples of Federalism in the Constitution
• Delegate Powers- Government powers- (Article I Section 8, declaring war, postal service, printing money)
• Reserved-State Powers (Licensing Marriage, setting up local government)
• Congregant-State + Federal Powers ( Taxation, Borrowing Money)
Flexibility
The Constitution must be able to change withe time so it can be relevant today and tomorrow
The Elastic Clause
Article I Section 8 Clause 18 says that Congress can make all laws necessary and proper in order to carry out the Constitution
The Amendment Process
Article V described how the Constitution can be amended and changed, but both Congress and the States must agree to this change
Judicial Interpretation
The Supreme Court and the lower federal courts are often called upon to explain the meaning of the constitution and Federal Laws
Example of Flexibility
Plessy Vs Fergeson ---> Brown Vs Board of Ed
Checks And Balances
The Branches of government have the ability to check (Stop) each other when necessary.
Examples of Checks and Balances
• Amendments 1-3
• President can veto laws
• Judicial Review