8th Religion Master Vocabulary
Terms in this set (98)
Hebrew word meaning "I agree" or "I believe" or "So be it"
Feast day when the angel Gabriel announced to Mary, she would conceive Jesus, God's Son.
Pour or rubbing of oil on someone to honor him or appoint him in some special work. The rubbing or pouring of blessed persons, places, or things to show that they are dedicated to God.
Jesus enters heaven after his resurrection to take his place with at his Father's right hand.
Mary enters heaven. (both body and soul)
The denial of the existence of God and a sin against the first Commandment.
Where Jesus was born and where Mary and Joseph went, when Caesar Augustus took a census of his city.
The shepherd, a teacher, of a particular area of the Church called a diocese or archdiocese.
Also called the "hinge" and "moral" virtues. These virtues; prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance; are the basis for the rest of the virtues.
Subterranean galleries used as burial grounds by Christians of the first centuries.
The period of instruction in the faith before baptism and admission of converts to the Catholic Church.
Virtue protecting your sexuality until marriage and expressing it in a proper manner.
Perfumed oil consecrated by the bishop during Holy Week. The parishes receive partial oil for sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.
Service toward God through others. (Service Hours)
We, the people, the assembly of God. An assembly of faith.
Communion of Saints
All people living or dead. Linked together.
The inner ability that allows human beings to judge between good and evil when making choices.
To dedicate a person or thing to God. Consecration is the part of Mass where the bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Jesus.
Sincere sorrow for sin and resolution not to sin again.
The mental attitudes and customs, chiefly of the younger generation, the challenge or contradict the standards and values of established Judeo-Christian society.
an agreement between two or more individuals and God.
A statement of belief. The word "creed" comes from Latin word meaning "I believe".
Military expeditions when the Church tried to take the Holy Land form the Muslims.
A summary of Catholic teaching used in the education of children, young people, and adults in their faith.
A minister or "one who serves". A baptized man who helps the bishops and priests during Mass. He distributes communion, assists and blesses marriages, proclaim the Gospel , and preaching.
Deposit of Faith
All scripture and tradition given to the Church to pass on to its members.
Dignity of a Person
The worthiness of a person. Praise awarded to a person if worthy.
Any truth taught by the Church as necessary for acceptance by the faithful. What the Church wants us to believe and is revealed, concluded, or natural law.
Doctrine taught by the Church or to believe by all the faithful as part of divine revelation. A doctrine declaring all the divine acts by God to human beings.
The Catholic Family, family is the center of faith, where you first learn about God.
Feast commemorating Christ's manifestation to the Gentiles in the person of the Magi. It happens 12 nights after Christmas which holds Christ's Baptism and miracle at Cana, during the wedding.
Then ending of a person's suffering by killing them. Term means "easy death" in Greek.
A gift from God that allows us to respond to his revelation. A theological virtue.
Shrine of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the region of central Portugal near Cova da Ira.
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
The qualities that the Holy Spirit forms in us. There are 12 fruits: charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, and chastity.
The garden where Jesus prayed, before Judas betrayed him and when the soldiers took him to the Pharisees.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Attitudes that help all to follow the guidance of the Holy Spirit to live moral lives. There are seven of them: wisdom, understanding, counsel, courage, knowledge, piety, and wonder and awe.
To influence the world with Catholicism and to spread Christianity all over as Jesus taught us.
Word meaning "good news". The gospel tells us about Jesus life, ministry, and death on the cross. Four of them are: Matthew, Mark, Luke, Joh.
A gift from God that enables us to become his adopted Children.
False teaching against the Church.
Holy Days of Obligation
Feast Days of the Church that Catholics celebrate by participating in the Mass.
A flat painting, sacred picture of the Eastern Church. It is generally painted on wood and covered, except the face and hands, with relief seed peals and gold and silver.
Holy Day of Obligation when Mary was chosen by God and conceived without Original Sin.
The mystery of God becoming man, literally "Taking on flesh". Jesus is both divine and human through the Incarnation.
In Hebrew times this was all genders and types of people, instead of sexism. When relating that mankind was powerful and included with God.
Removes all the temporal punishment from sin. It removes the physical punishment while Penance, removes eternal punishment from sin, in heaven.
Hebrew name meaning, "God Saves"
Kingdom of God
The reign of God, through Jesus. Christians build a kingdom with justice, peace, and love on earth.
Rule of conduct made for the common good for all human beings.
The official book of readings used at Mass during the Liturgy of the Word.
The church's public communal worship of God. Celebration of the Eucharist, the other sacraments, and the official prayers of the Church.
Liturgy of the Hours
The daily prayer of the Catholic Church. It is a collection of prayers, songs, and readings for each day of the calendar of the Church year.
The Church's teaching authority given through the bishops; as the successors of the Apostles; and the Pope, Vicar or Christ and visible head of the Catholic Church.
Marks of the Church
Four characteristics of the Church. One- One Church, one Body in Christ. Holy- Church is holy. Holiness comes from God. Catholic - UNIVERSAL. Apostolic- Church comes form the Apostles' teaching and ways.
One of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. The quality protects the private inner self of a human being. Modesty if shown by moderation in attitude, speech, and dress.
A place where religious people stay in seclusion, from the outside world, to pay and live the contemplative life of the basics.
Deliberate disobedience of the Law of God concerning a serious matter. Only the Sacrament of Penance can heal this sin.
Shrine to the Immaculate Conception in France. Mary appeared 18 times to Massabielle, a grotto near this city, to Bernadelle Soabirous. A spring came up and water healed many people or cured many people.
Option for the Poor
Option or a special form of primary, making someone else important, in doing Charity which the tradition of the Church witnesses. It affects the life of each Catholic as he/she serves and acts like Christ. It applies to our living ways and life itself.
The Sin of the first human beings and the loss of grace their sin caused.
Short story from everyday life that teaches a moral. Jesus taught these parables in his ministry.
Can be interior or exterior. Interior is to turn toward God and away from sin. Exterior is to do something to make up for the sin, doing a good deed, saying a prayer, or making a sacrifice.
The Successor of St. Peter as Bishop of Rome and as the head of the whole Church.
A baptized man who has received the Sacrament of Holy Orders and who assists the bishop in his ministry. They are dedicated to serve God and His Church. Celebrates sacraments and ministers to people in the name of the Bishop.
Prayers in the form of poetry or songs that are found in the Book of Psalms, in the Bible. A psalm, called the Responsorial Psalm is a part of Mass.
The place or condition in which the souls of the just are purified after death and before they can enter heaven. You are neither too good to go to heaven nor too bad to hell.
Purity of Heart
The quality that enables us to see according to God—to accept others as neighbors, and to see the human person as a temple of the Holy Spirit.
Rites of Christian Initiation for Adults. The instructions and teachings for adults who want to become a Catholic through the Sacraments of Initiation.
Making up for doing something wrong. You hurt someone, you make up for it. It is required by the Sacrament of Penance.
Another word for contrition
Life is precious, God wants us to respect our bodies and others. Everyone's body is a temple and we must not kill.
Jesus rising from the dead three days after he died on the cross and his burial in the tomb. Most important truth of the Catholic Faith.
God's communication of himself and his plan for salvation over time through words and actions. he reveals himself through Jesus.
The words and actions used in celebrating the sacraments.
The place where the Pope lives and is the bishop of the diocese.
A formal prayer in honor of Mary and Jesus
Visible signs of God's invisible grace. Instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church. There are seven of them: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Matrimony, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick, and Penance.
The official book of the Church that contains the prayers and directions used for Mass.
The Bible, a collection of books written by people, inspired by God. This is where he revealed his plan for salvation of all.
The transmission of the message of the Gospel in the Church form the preaching of the Apostles to present-day.
An action showing irreverence or contempt for persons, things, or places consecrated to God.
God's plan to forgive the sins of human beings and restore them to his friendship.
Grace that heals out human nature, wounded by sin, by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity.
A leader who serves his people whom they are following, first out of ever situation.
A collection of teachings to build a just society and to live lives of holiness, fighting the challenges of modern society.
Every person is an individual whom we respect. We are all united in Christ.
Attributing to persons or objects power that belongs to God alone.
The complete change that occurs at the consecration of the bread and wine at mass.
Associations of the faithful established by religious orders. Examples are Franciscans or Dominicans, and more secular and regular orders. Secular orders are often tertiaries and the regular ones are religious, bound by public vows and in communities.
One God in Three Divine persons - The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Trinity is a mystery we still don't understand.
Used to describe the triune as three persons in one, there are three divine persons, distinctions, in one God.
The place where the pope lives and does his missionary work. The pope is the bishop of Vatican City.
A failure to love God and others, rather than a deliberate act of turning away from God. Harmful, but can destroy a person't relationship with God.
The habit of doing good and the wanting to do good.
Way of the Cross
A form of prayer, practiced during Lent, that marks the steps, Jesus took in his journey to the Cross.
Works of Mercy
Actions taken to help our neighbors. There are two types of this - The Corporal Works of Mercy (mends the needs of the body) and the Spiritual Works of Mercy (mends the needs of the spirit.)
The adoration and honor given to God.