History Unit 9
Terms in this set (35)
Across which span of years was the Civil War fought?
How did many southern slaveholders view the issue of slavery?
They saw slavery as an economic issue, free labor.
How did President Lincoln view the act of secession from the national government?
Secession was illegal
How did the Dred Scott v. Sanford decision affect the lives of enslaved people?
It states that slaves were not citizens of the United States; they were listed as property, and could not sue in the American Court System.
What was the result of the Missouri Compromise?
For a short period of time the power between North (non-slave) and South (slave) states were balanced.
How did President Lincoln's assassination affect the nation?
His missed leadership made it hard for the nation to overcome the issues it faced.
Where was the first battle of the Civil War fought?
Why was the Union victory at the Battle of Gettysburg considered the turning point of the Civil War?
It turned back the Southern invasion of the north.
How did Henry David Thoreau's idea of civil disobedience influence American society?
His ideas influenced future civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. to refuse laws they felt to be unjust.
What issue led Thoreau to go to jail for refusing to pay taxes?
The continued governments waging of wars, and its support of slavery
List three things that contributed to sectionalism?
1. Different uses of land in the two regions.
2. The issue of slavery.
3. One region industrialized while the other held on to agriculture.
How did the U. S. Tariff policies contribute to sectionalism prior to the Civil War?
High tariffs benefitted the North, and were seen as an economic hardship on the South
How did economic opportunities for free Blacks differ from enslaved Africans during the 1800's?
Free blacks had some property rights and could work, slaves had no rights whatsoever.
How did the actions of Henry Clay influence national politics regarding the issue of slavery?
Clay was able to reduce tensions through legislation between the two sides (slave, non-slave; north, south)
Known as the Great Compromiser.
How did John C. Calhoun's views regarding states' rights lead to the outbreak of the Civil War?
He claimed that states had a right to reject federal laws they believed to be unconstitutional
Place events in chronological order
Compromise of 1850
Nullification Crisis Compromise of 1850
How did both the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 contribute to differences between free and enslaved African Americans?
By allowing slavery in some areas but outlawing it in others
Brooker T. Washington is describing himself learning about what for the first time?
List President and Commanding General for the Union?
President- Abraham Lincoln
General- Ulysses S. Grant
List President and Commanding General for the Confederacy?
President- Jefferson Davis
General- Robert E. Lee
Congress responded to the Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court Decision by doing what action?
By passing the 13th amendment
How do Davis' views differ from Lincoln's regarding government?
Davis believed that states had the right to freedom from oppressive governments, while Lincoln believed individuals had a right to be free from oppressive governments.
Economic Differences in the Northern States
Large Urban Labor Force
Supports High Tariffs
Economic Differences in the Southern States
Cotton Plantation (Agriculture)
Rural Labor Force, Slave Labor
Oppose High Tariffs
Details of the Compromise of 1850.
California becomes part of the Union as a free state
Strict Fugitive Slave Act adopted
Slave trade, but not slavery banned in the District of Columbia
New States in the southwest could vote to have slavery
Texas' debt paid in exchange for adjustment to its border
Reconstruction was across what time span?
Why did President Andrew Johnson establish the Freeman's Bureau?
To establish schools and provide food for the newly freed blacks
How did the actions of Fredrick Douglas contribute to the success of the Union during the Civil War?
By recommending the use of black troops in the northern army
Which event in Douglas' life most likely contributed to his support of the Union?
His early life as a slave
Name of the secret society formed during Reconstruction in the South that used terror to keep newly freed blacks from having rights in the southern states?
Ku Klux Klan
Democratic Party Philosophy
Supported individuals deciding the issue of slavery
Was spilt over the issue of slavery, Northern Democrats opposed it, Southern Democrats supported it
Wanted to maintain their current way of life in the South
Republican Party Philosophy
No extension of slavery
Supported Abraham Lincoln in the election of 1860
Needed legislation to protect the right of slaves
How did the ratification of the 13th amendment impact life in the United States?
Slavery was outlawed
Why did Radical Republicans require southern states to ratify the 14th amendment as a condition for reentering the United States of America?
To ensure that the government guaranteed equal protection of the law to all citizens
How did the passing of the 15th Amendment affect American society?
Voting rights could not be violated because of one's race, or past enslavement