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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH Period 7 (Part 2): 1890-1945
Terms in this set (59)
Palmer Raids, 1919-1920
General A. Mitchell Palmer and J.E. Hoover orchestrated a series of raids on alleged radical centers throughout the country and arrested more than 6,000 people. These actions had been intended to uncover huge caches of weapons and explosives; they netted a total of three pistols and no dynamite.
Sacco and Vanzetti, 1927
Italian immigrants and anarchists who were executed during the first red scare after being conflicted for robbery and murder. The case incited controversy based on questions regarding culpability, the question of the innocence or guilt of Sacco and Vanzetti, and conformance, the question of whether the trials were fair to Sacco and Vanzetti.
National Origins Act, 1924
A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians. The policy stayed in effect until the 1960s.
Wright Brothers, 1903
Flew over NC for the first time
Model T Ford Introduced, 1908
Sold at an affordable price. It pioneered the use of the assembly line.
KDKA in Pittsburgh, 1920
First commercially licensed radio station
Charles Lindbergh, 1927
An American aviator and airmail pilot, made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean on May 20-21, 1927. Other pilots had crossed the Atlantic before him. But he was the first person to do it alone nonstop.
The Jazz Singer, 1927
A 1927 American musical film. The first feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences, its release heralded the commercial ascendance of the "talkies" and the decline of the silent film era.
Election of 1912
Presidential campaign involving Taft, T. Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican vote, enabling Wilson to win
Roosevelt's domestic platform during the 1912 election accepting the power of trusts and proposing a more powerful government to regulate them
Democrat Woodrow Wilson's political slogan in the presidential campaign of 1912; Wilson wanted to improve the banking system, lower tariffs, and, by breaking up monopolies, give small businesses freedom to compete.
Ku Klux Klan March on Washington, 1925
Forty thousand members of the Klan march down Pennsylvania Avenue on August 8, 1925. Organized to counter reports of faltering enrollment, this "konklave" succeeded in attracting national attention but marked the peak of Klan power in the 1920s.
Fundamentalism vs Modernism
Discourse of the 1920s between traditional Evangelical Christians and groups that embraced science and secular values; the Scopes Trial was an example of the Fundamentalism v. Modernism debate
A law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
A flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
A type of music that origionated in the Deep South and slowly worked its way up the Mississippi river. It was closley related to slave songs. Known as the first entirely American form of music
Jelly Roll Morton
African American pianist, composer, arranger, and band leader from New Orleans; Bridged that gap between the piano styles of ragtime and jazz; Was the first important jazz composer
..., Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist painters formed in 1907, most of whom had formerly been newspaper illustrators, they beleived in portraying scenes from everyday life in starkly realistic detail. Their 1908 display was the first art show in the U.S.
A twentieth-century American artist whose stark, precisely realistic paintings often convey a mood of solitude and isolation within common-place urban settings. Among his best-known forks are Early Sunday Morning and Nighthawks.
Plays written and performed primarily by Jews in Yiddish The range of Yiddish theater is broad: operetta, musical comedy, and satiric or nostalgic revues; melodrama; naturalist drama; expressionist and modernist plays. Satiric Plays most popular
(1929-1939) The dramatic decline in the world's economy due to the United State's stock market crash of 1929, the overproduction of goods from World War I, and decline in the need for raw materials from non industrialized nations. Results in millions of people losing their jobs as banks and businesses closed around the world. Many people were reduced to homelessness, and had to rely on government sponsored soup kitchens to eat. World trade also declined as many countries imposed protective tariffs in an attempt to restore their economies.
Stock Market Crash, 1929
In 1929, the stock market crashed and caused a world wide Depression. As early as March the stock market had mini-crashes, signaling something was seriously wrong. In October 1929, on Black Friday it crashed. The Thursday before 12 mil. stocks had changed hands. The full devastation was not fully realized until the following Tuesday.
Smoot-Hawley Tariff, 1930
US government intervention designed to recover from the Great Depression. However it had a catastrophic effect because it spread the depression throughout the world. Japan is hit especially hard by this.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1932
Agency established in 1932 to provide emergency relief to large businesses, insurance companies, and banks.
Bonus March, 1932
A chaotic series of events that ruined Hoover's public image. He ordered Gen. Douglas MacArthur to clear out the army vets who came to DC in 1932 to lobby for a bonus promised them for 1945. Senate refected it but some still stayed in littles huts (Hoovervilles), driven away by tear gas and their shacks were burnt down
Roosevelt's New Deal, 1933
President Franklin Roosevelt's precursor of the modern welfare state (1933-1939); programs to combat economic depression enacted a number of social insurance measures and used government spending to stimulate the economy; increased power of the state and the state's intervention in U.S. social and economic life.
New Deal Programs to Stimulate Economic Activity
Government programs that helped people during the Dust Bowl
Glass-Steagall Act, 1933
This act forbade commercial banks from engaging in excessive speculation, added $1 billion in gold to economy and established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), 1933
(FDI) A United States government corporation created by the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933. It provides deposit insurance, which guarantees the safety of deposits in member banks, currently up to $250,000 per depositor per bank
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 1934
Government agency having primary responsibility for enforcing the Federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry. It protected investors, listened to complaints, issued licenses and penalized fraud.
Wagner Act, 1935
Established National Labor Relations Board; protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands.
Social Security Act, 1935
Guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
Court-Packing Plan, 1937
Franklin Roosevelt's politically motivated and ill-fated scheme to add a new justice to the Supreme Court for every member over seventy who would not retire. His objective was to overcome the Court's objections to New Deal reforms.
Roosevelt Recession, 1938
Unemployment surged, hurting FRD's reputation and putting us in a new recession. He cut funds from the PWA and WPA. Along with taking out $2 million for Social Security. This put 2 million people out of work by the end of 1937. People realized the country had relied too much on the government. After deciding to go by the Keynesian Economics Theory (spend heavily in a recession to jump start economy), Roosevelt asked congress for $3.75 billion for the PWA, WPA, and other programs. brief time in FDR's career when the economy and things were sent backwards
Congress of Industrial Organizations, 1938
A federation of labor union for all unskilled workers. It provided a national labor union for unskilled workers, unlike the AFL, which limited itself to skilled workers.
"Kingfish" Rep. senator of LA; pushed "Share Our Wealth" program and make "Every Man a King' at the expense of the wealthy; assassinated
A religious priest and demagogue who spoke over the radio and constantly contradicted himself, praising and then attacking FDR on a constant basis. When he was revealed as an anti-Semitist, his popularity fell and he resigned soon after.
New Deal Democratic Coalition
The alignment of interest groups and voting blocs that supported the New Deal and voted for Democratic presidential candidates from 1932 until approximately 1968, which made the Democratic Party the majority party during that period
Mexican Repatriation, 1929-1939
Special law authorized by President Hoover to send Mexican-American immigrants back to Mexico. More than half a million Mexican-Americans were forcibly sent back to Mexico during the Great Depression, many of whom were lawful American citizens, separated from their families.
Bracero Program, 1942
Program established by agreement with the Mexican government to recruit temporary Mexican agricultural workers to the US to make up for wartime labor shortages in the Far West. The program persisted until 1964, by when it had sponsored 4.5 million border crossings
Latina civil rights activists, having found "El Congreso del Pueblo de Habla Española" or The Spanish-Speaking People's Congress. Guatemalan-born, immigrated to NY in 1928. She brought awareness and social justice to many Latinos in an era where it was unimaginable to conceive the concept of labor law equality
Washington Naval Conference, 1921-1922
1921 - President harding invited delegates from Europe and Japan, and they agreed to limit production of war ships, to not attack each other's possessions, and to respect China's independence
Stimson Doctrine, 1932
Hoover's Secretary of State said the US would not recognize territorial changes resulting from Japan's invasion of Manchuria
Good Neighbor Policy
Franklin D. Roosevelt policy in which the U.S. pledged that the U.S. would no longer intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. This reversed Teddy Roosevelt's Big Stick Policy.
Neutrality Acts, 1935-1939
A series of these were passed which gave legislative expression to the popular longing for peace. Trying to prevent a repetition of the circumstances that had dragged the US into war in 1917 there measures outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war and forbade Americans from traveling on the ships of belligerent powers
Lend-Lease Act, 1940
Roosevelt's proposal during the Second Great War permitted Britian to use American arms needed on credit without payment. Isolationists went against such proposal but it was later signed into law March 1941. Britain, the Soviet Union, China, Brazil, were some of the countries who benefited.
Atlantic Charter, 1941
World War II alliance agreement between the United States and Britain; included a clause that recognized the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they live; indicated sympathy for decolonization
Pearl Harbor, 1941
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Manhattan Project, 1942
Code name for the American commission established to develop the atomic bomb. The first experimental bomb was detonated (on July 16, 1945) in the desert of New Mexico. Atomic bombs were then dropped on two cities in Japan in the hopes of bringing the war to an end
Invasion of Normandy (D-Day), 1944
British American and Canadian troops attack Normandy in western France to recapture German controlled France. This is the start of the allies continental offensive against the Germans and were able to push the Germans back and a year later the Germans surrender and Hitler commits suicide
Yalta Conference, 1945
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese Wa
Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1945
Nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
A. Phillip Randolph
He was the black leader of The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He demanded equal opportunities in war jobs and armed forces during WWII. He helped encourage the end of segregation in the military, although that happened after the war.
Congress of Racial Equality, 1942
An organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality
Japanese-American Internment, 1942
Roosevelt signed a document Feb. 19,1942 stating that all people of Japanese ancestry from California and parts of Washington, Oregon, and Arizona, needed to be removed. Put them in internment camps because of their fear for another attack by the Japanese.
Zoot Suit Riots, 1943
Discriminated against Mexican workers in LA/ underemployed teen
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