FIS Grade 8 Poetry Terms

This list is meant for grade 8 English students at FIS, but it can be used by anyone. FIS students, your quiz will cover these terms...obviously! :)
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alliteration
the repetition of similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginnings of words.
alliteration
Some bold soul slips by me and I sigh
assonance
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.
assonance
A land laid waste with all its young men slain...
meter
the rhythmical pattern of a poem.
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning.
onomatopoeia
buzz, hiss, honk
rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the end of words.
rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem.
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, or beats, in spoken and written language (see also meter)
structure
the arrangement of materials within a poem; the relationship of the parts of a poem to the whole; the logical divisions of a poem.
couplet
a two-line stanza, usually with the same end rhymes.
end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a punctuation mark of some kind.
enjambment
the continuation of the sense of grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.
stanza
a group of lines in a poem, considered as a unit; like paragraphs in prose
figurative language
using words to mean something other than their literal (or factual) meaning.
hyperbole
an exaggeration that creates humor, emphasizes particular points, and/or creates dramatic effects.
hyperbole
"I've got a million things to do!"
imagery
words that appeal to one or more of the five senses; sensory language
metaphor
a figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else. It works by pointing out a similarity between two things.
metaphor
a black bat night
personification
a type of language in which an inanimate subject is given human characteristics.
personification
the sun grinned, the rain danced
simile
makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as.
simile
quiet as a mouse, good as gold
symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else; concrete objects that represent abstract ideas.
symbol
Winter or cold represents death
ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure and romance.
concrete poem
a poem with a shape that suggests its subject.
free verse
poetry that is not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or set rhyme scheme
lyric
a highly musical poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.
narrative
a story told in verse (poetic form). It often possesses the elements of fiction, such as characters, conflict, and plot.
sonnet
a fourteen-line poem, often written in iambic pentameter.
mood
the feeling or atmosphere created by the poem
speaker
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem.
tone
the attitude toward the subject and audience conveyed by the language and rhythm of the speaker