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Terms in this set (60)
Behavior therapy is associated with all but one of the following:
a philosophical view of human behavior.
Behavior therapy assumes that:
behavior is learned.
Behavior therapy is characterized by:
a focus on overt specific behavior.
a formulation of precise treatment goals.
the design of an appropriate treatment plan.
the objective assessment of the results of therapy.
Behavior therapy is based on:
applying the experimental method to the therapeutic process.
Michael believes that he will be able to improve his public speaking skills after completing a speech course at school. Based on social-cognitive theory, one might observe that Michael is not lacking in:
The main goal of behavior therapy is:
eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning.
Which is not true of the relationship between therapist and client in behavior therapy?
The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals.
True of relationship between therapist and client:
The relationship is considered collaborative.
Therapist and client work together in a warm and flexible manner.
The therapeutic relationship is an important factor in treatment outcomes.
What is the function of the behavior therapist?
a. to provide modeling for the client
b. to provide a collaborative therapeutic environment
c. to assess specific behavior problems
d. to provide reinforcement for clients
e. all of these.
Which of the following interventions is not associated with the third wave of behavior therapy?
Third wave therapies: DBT, ACT, and MBCBT
Which of the following is not true regarding behavior therapy?
The client is merely passive while the therapist uses techniques.
All of the following are true about social skills training except:
It requires clients to engage in catharsis.
True about Social Skills Training:
It is a psychoeducational approach to interpersonal growth.
It involves modeling and reinforcement techniques.
It uses role playing exercises to simulate social situations
Which anxiety reduction technique involves creating a hierarchy of the client's fearful experiences?
Behavior therapists look to the current environmental events that maintain problem behaviors and help clients produce behavior change by changing environmental events, through a process called:
a. functional assessment.
Behavior therapy is suited for:
a. individual therapy.
b. group therapy.
c. institutions and clinics.
d. classroom learning situations.
e. all of these.
In the ABC model, the A stands for:
Which statement is not true?
Contemporary behavior therapy is increasingly concerned with behavioral control.
Behavioral and humanistic approaches cannot be reconciled.
Current behavior therapy is grounded on a deterministic view of persons.
Behavioral methods can be used to attain humanistic ends.
Contemporary behavior therapy focuses on how people are determined by their social and cultural environments.
Which of the following is not a basic characteristic of behavior therapy?
The therapist is manipulative and controlling.
Who has done most of the work in the area of modeling?
B. F. Skinner is associated with which of the following trends in the behavioral approach?
Which of the following is not true about how behavior therapists function in the therapeutic setting?
a. They use techniques such as summarizing, reflection, clarification, and open-ended questioning.
b. They focus on specific aspects of problems.
c. They systematically assess for information about all aspects of the problem.
d. They serve as a model for the client.
e. All of these are true.
Phil has been in behavior therapy to address his fear of heights. The treatment will not be considered complete until:
a. Phil transfers what he learns in therapy to his everyday life and takes actual steps to confront his fear.
What is not a part of the steps in a self-directed change program?
exploration of one's family constellation
Which of the following is not one of the seven major areas of personality functioning described by the acronym "BASIC ID"?
Which of the following is true about "technical eclecticism" in multimodal therapy?
Therapists use techniques from various theoretical models without subscribing to the theory.
In terms of ethical accountability, behavior therapy:
provides a basis for responsible practice.
Which of the following behavior therapists is credited with developing the social cognitive learning model, doing much work on observational learning and modeling, and writing about self-efficacy?
Which of the following distinguishes the cognitive trend in behavior therapy from the trends of classical and operant conditioning?
the integration of thoughts and feelings in the process of behavior change
Multimodal therapy is a therapeutic approach that is grounded on:
social learning theory.
Haley has difficulty turning down dates and consistently allows men to take advantage of her. A behavioral intervention that may help Haley establish appropriate boundaries with others and speak up for herself is:
c. assertion training.
Which of the following clinical strategies is not necessarily employed during assertion training?
Which of the following would not be considered a feature of a good self-contract?
It is a verbal agreement between client and therapist.
A limitation of behavior therapy is:
a.the overemphasis on feeling and the neglect of cognition.
b.the overemphasis upon insight.
c.the lack of empirical research validating its techniques.
d.the need for long-term treatment to effect change.
e. none of these
During the second wave of behavior therapy, therapists:
a. continued to emphasize empirically supported treatments.
b.increased their focus on the role of emotion in behavior change.
c.adopted a stronger biological perspective.
d.applied behavior therapy principles to prevention of disease and illness.
e. all of these
When practicing mindfulness:
a. clients learn to focus on one thing at a time and to bring their attention back to the present moment when distractions arise.
b. clients develop an attitude of curiosity and compassion to present experience.
c. clients learn how to be aware of themselves without being judgmental.
d. clients train themselves to intentionally focus on their present experience while at the same time achieving a distance from it.
e. all of these.
Wolpe's systematic desensitization is based on the principles of:
The situation in which behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them is:
Skinner's view of shaping behavior is based on the principle of:
______involves the removal of unpleasant stimuli from a situation once a certain behavior has occurred.
In dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), skills are taught in four modules. Which among the following is not one of the modules listed in the text?
e. relapse prevention
_________ is a key pioneer of clinical behavior therapy because of his broadening of its conceptual bases and development of multimodal therapy.
All of the following are characteristics of the behavioral approaches except:
Behavior therapy employs the same procedures to every client with a particular dysfunctional behavior.
In conducting a behavioral assessment, the client's functioning is taken into account in which area(s)?
a. emotional dimensions
b. cognitive dimensions
c. behavioral dimensions
d. interpersonal dimensions
e. all of these
What would be the most accurate way of describing mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) to a friend or colleague?
a. MBSR consists of the notion that much of our distress and suffering results from continually wanting things to be different from how they actually are.
b. MBSR aims to assist people in learning how to live more fully in the present rather than ruminating about the past or being overly concerned about the future.
c. MBSR does not actively teach cognitive modification techniques, nor does it label certain cognitions as "dysfunctional," because this is not consistent with the nonjudgmental attitude one strives to cultivate in mindfulness practice.
d. The approach adopted in the MBSR program is to develop the capacity for sustained directed attention through formal meditation practice.
e. All of these.
Behavior therapists tend to:
a. be active and directive.
b. function as consultants.
c. function as problem solvers.
d. all of these
All of the following are steps in the use of systematic desensitization except for:
Techniques used in mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy include all but:
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) integrates techniques from:
b. mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavior therapy.
Self-management strategies include:
d. stimulus control.
e. all of these
If your client wanted to change a behavior, for instance, learning to control smoking, drinking, or eating, which behavioral technique would be most appropriate to employ?
Techniques that differentiate behavioral group therapy from other models of group work include all but:
a time-limited intervention.
In acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), another way to describe the term "acceptance" is:
b. nonjudgmental awareness.
Lazarus argues in favor of:
Sergio is co-leading a social skills group for children with Aspergers. He and his co-leader must collect data on group members' progress:
b. before, during, and after all interventions.
The premise of the exposure-based therapies is that anxiety is reduced through:
pairing a feared stimulus with a competing, calming response.
In group settings, behavior therapists provide all of the following except:
little direct feedback.
The key principle in applied behavior analysis is:
a. to use the least aversive means to change behavior.
In vivo flooding consists of:
intense and prolonged exposure to the actual anxiety-producing stimuli.
EMDR is typically used to help clients:
restructure their cognitions regarding traumatic events.
Third-generation behavior therapies have been developed that center around five interrelated core themes. Which of these is not one of the core themes?
d. a more precise focus on psychopathology
Which is not true of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)?
DBT is a blend of Adlerian concepts and behavioral techniques.