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Terms in this set (48)
General Winfield Scott
Union General who developed the Anaconda Plan to win the war.
The Anaconda Plan.
General Winfield Scott's plan to divide the CSA into three parts and cut them off from each other by a naval blockade of southern ports.
The idea that Great Britain and other countries would agree to support the Confederacy because they needed the South's cotton to supply its textile industry.
Number of foreign counties that recognized the Confederate States of America.
Zero. No foreign government ever recognized the CSA.
First and Second Battles of Bull Run
Early battles in the eastern Theater won by the South. The battles shattered the North's hope of winning the war quickly and convinced the South that it could win the war.
General George B. McClennan
Created a highly trained army of 100,000 Union soldiers called the Army of the Potomac, but was replaced by Lincoln after the Battle of Antietam because "he's got the slows."
General Robert E. Lee
Head of the Confederate Army. He had been asked to lead the Union Army by Lincoln when the war began. He was willing to take risks and make unpredictable moves.
General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Confederate general who held off Union attacks and helped the South win the First Battle of Bull Run where he earned the name "Stonewall."
Seven Day's Battles
A series of attacks around Richmond that the Confederates were able to win to keep control of that city.
Battle of Chancellorsville
Confederate victory by Lee. But, in the battle Confederate general Stonewall Jackson was killed accidentally by his own troops, which was a devastating loss to the CSA.
The Battle of Antietam Creek
The fist time the South invaded the North. Won by the Union. It was the bloodiest single-day battle of the Civil War and U.S. history with over 25,000 casualties.
Importance of the Battle of Antietam Creek
Lee lost many of his troops and was unable to continue his advance to the North. McClellan didn't follow the Confederate army and Lincoln replaced him because "he's got the slows."
The use of Union navy ships to block the entrance to Confederate ports such as New Orleans.
Small, fast ships used by the South to outrun Union blockade ships and get supplies from the Bahamas.
Warships heavily armored with iron developed by the Confederacy to try to break the blockades.
A Union steamship captured by the Confederates that they turned into an Ironclad called the "Virginia" that sunk three Union warships.
A Union Ironclad which met the Virginia in battle on March 9, 1862.
General Ulysses S. Grant
Union general who defeated the Confederate army at the Battle of Jackson and took Vicksburg. Later become President.
To capture Vicksburg so the Union would control the Mississippi River cutting off a vital supply line and split the Confederacy in two.
Battle and Siege of Vicksburg
Attack by Union General Grant on the important city of Vicksburg with Grant's troops cutting off the city and shelling it for months. The starving Confederate soldiers surrendered in July 1863.
Battle of Shiloh
Battle won by Grant's army which left the Union in control of Kentucky and Tennessee and the Mississippi River Valley.
Admiral David Farragut
Was named the first Admiral of the U.S. Navy and led key naval attacks on ports along the Mississippi River, taking New Orleans and bombing Vickburg.
The freeing of slaves.
A military order written by Lincoln on September 22, 1862, that freed all slaves in areas controlled by the Confederacy.
Number of slaves in the U.S. when Lincoln became President.
Almost 4 million.
Lincoln's dominant purpose at the beginning of the Civil War.
To preserve the Union (not to free the slaves).
Escaped slaves from the south. Some were given the right to join the Union Army.
54th Massachusetts Infantry
Union army regiment made up of mostly freed slaves who made a heroic charge on Fort Wagner in South Carolina.
Also called Peace Democrats, they were Midwesterners who sympathized with the South and opposed abolition.
Right of habeas corpus.
Constitutional protection against imprisonment without evidence or trial.
Suspension of habeas corpus.
Lincoln suspended the right of habeas corpus so he could jail opponents of the war, including the Copperheads.
A Union volunteer who organized the collection of medicine and supplies for delivery to the battlefields. She was known as the "angel of the battlefield."
Battle of Gettysburg
A key 3-day bloody battle battle won by the Union under General Meade that was the TURNING POINT OF THE WAR because it ended the South's hopes of every again invading into Northern territory.
General George G. Meade
Union general who defeated Lee's army at Gettysburg.
General George Pickett
Confederate general whose men tried but failed to take Cemetery Ridge in a battle called "Pickett's Charge."
Failed attack by Confederate troops commanded by General George Pickett to take Cemetery Hill at Gettysburg. Less than half the soldiers reached the top of the hill.
Famous speech by Lincoln that reminded people that the war was being fought for liberty, equality and democracy.
General William Tecumseh Sherman
Union general who used "total war" to capture and destroy much of Atlanta and other areas in his :march to the sea" through Georgia.
Type of warfare practiced by General Sherman on his march from Atlanta to Savannah in which his troops destroyed civilian and economic resources including railways, bridges, crops and livestock.
Courthouse in small town where Lee surrendered to Grant ending the Civil War.
Eastern Theater of the Civil War
The area east of the Appalachian Mountains
Western Theater of the Civil War
The area west of the Appalachian Mountains
Army of Northern Virginia
Confederate army led by General Robert E. Lee
Army of the Potomac
Union army created by General George B. McClennan, but then given to
River separating Washington, D.C. from Virginia.
Presidential Election of 1864
Re-election of President Lincoln after Sherman seizes Atlanta.
Georgia, The industrial and railroad center of the South.
Sherman's March to the Sea
March of General Sherman's army from Atlanta to the port of Savanna, Georgia which left behind destruction of all civilian and economic resources ("total war").