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42 terms

Civil War

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The supreme test of American democracy was
The Civil War
The South's victory at Bull Run in 1861
reduced enlistments in the South's army
In the Civil War, the South won the battle of
Bull Run
At the beginning of the Civil War, President Lincoln favored
quick military action to show the folly of secession.
The final Union war strategy did not include this
guerrilla warfare
After assuming command of the Army of the Potomac, General McClellan made the mistake of
consistently believing that the enemy outnumbered him.
After the Peninsula Campaign, Union strategy did not include this
bypassing the Confederate capital at Richmond.
General George McClellan is best described as
cautious
The Confederate blockade runner, the Merrimack, was
destroyed by Confederate soldiers.
Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run would
lead to the capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond.
Britain did not protest too loudly against the Union naval blockade of the Confederacy because
Britain might want to use a similar blockade in a future war.
The two major battles of the Civil War fought on Union soil were
Gettysburg and Antietam
As a result of the confederate victory in the Peninsula Campaign
the Union turned to a strategy of total war.
After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General McClellan
marched his army toward Atlanta
One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the confederate thrust into the North at
the Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans.
General Grant's basic strategy in the Civil War involved
assailing the enemy's armies simultaneously.
The Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because
the defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.
In 1864 election, the Democratic party nominated who to oppose Lincoln's reelection.
George McClellan
As a result of the union loss in the Peninsula Campaign
Lincoln began to draft the Emancipation Proclamation.
The Battle of Antietam was particularly crucial because it
probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy.
Slavery was legally abolished in the United States by the
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution
The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect of
strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the Union.
In the election of 1864, the Republicans joined with the Democrats and founded which party
Union
When it was issued in 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaved in
states still in rebellion against the United States
Robert Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to
deliver a decisive blow that would strengthen the Northern peace movement.
What did not occur as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation
the disappearance of European working-class support for the Union.
During the Civil War
blacks were enlisted by the Union army only after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.
The most alarming Confederate threat to the Union blockade came from
the ironclade Merrimack
African-Americans who fought for the Union Army in the Civil War
served bravely and suffered extremely heavy casualties.
The Confederacy enlisted slaves into their army
a month before the war ended
In the 1864 election, Lincoln ran on what ticket?
union
The Union victory at Vicksburg was of major importance because
reopened the Mississippi river to Northern trade, help for the Confederacy was lost, and it helped to quell Northern peace agitation.
One consequence of General Sherman's style of warfare was
a shorter war that saved lives
The North's victory at Antietam allowed Lincoln to
issue the Emancipation Proclamation
Clement Vallandigham, a Southern sympathizer and vocal opponent of the war was labeled as
Copperhead
The Civil War resulted in what?
expanded federal powers of taxation, increased influence for the federal courts, and the creation of the first federal social welfare agency.
The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because
it was decided so quickly.
The group in the North most dangerous to the Union cause was the
Northern Peace Democrats
The Union army's victory in the capture of what was probably critical to Lincoln's reelection in 1864
Atlanta
The assassination of Lincoln
was a calamity for the South
Among the casualties of the Civil war were both
black slavery, and extreme states' rights.
Lincoln's victory in the election of 1864 was aided by
Union military victories and backing from Union Soldiers.