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Cell division

process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells


part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides


division oif cytoplasm during cell division


pass on genetic information, (DNA), to next generation; also carries proteins


two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome


area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached


period of cell cycle between cell divisions

cell cycle

series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide

M, G1, S, G2

4 phases


1st and longest phase of mitosis during which chromosomes become cisible and the cetnrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite side of the nucleus


tiny structures located in cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope: pull chromosomes apart


fanilike microtubule structure taht helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis


2nd phase of mitosis, during which the chromosoems line up across the center of the cell


3rd phase: chromosome pairs separate and move towards opposite poles


4th phase: chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material


occurs at the same time as telophase; cell plate develops gradually in plant cells


organsims with two sets of chromosomes; a cell with a set of homologous chromosomes

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