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Terms in this set (50)
What is the major energy of the blood?
What is the storage form of this molecule in the body?
What are the two sites of storage for the above molecule?
What is the normal value for blood sugar?
80-120 mg/100 ml
What is the name for the anaerobic process in which glucose is broken down?
In this process, what are the beginning and ending products?
glucose, 2 pyruvate
why can't intermediates of this anaerobic process leave the cell?
bound to phosphate
what activates the hexokinase enzyme that phosphoralates glucose?
where does aerobic respiration occur?
what molecule passes from the cytoplasm into the mitochondria?
once inside the mitochondria, what happens to this molecule and what coenzyme (vitamin) is involved?
what are the two processes that occur in the mitochondria?
krebs cycle and electron transport chain
which of the mitochondrial processes involve the removal of carbons to form carbon dioxide?
which of the two processes involve the formation of NADH and FADH2?
which of the two processes involve oxidative phosphorylation?
electron transport chain
which of the two processes is the site where most ATP is produced per glucose oxidized?
electron transport chain
what is the only function of oxygen in the body and where is the only place it is used?
final electron acceptor, mitochondria
where does kreb's cycle occur in the mitochondria?
where does electron transport occur in the mitochondria?
what is the oxidizing coenzyme used in both glycolysis and kreb's cycle?
how many atp's will the above coenzyme yield in the electron transport?
what is the name and vitamin number of the coenzyme?
what is the oxidizing coenzyme not used in glycolysis but used in kreb's cycle?
how many atp's will the above coenzyme be worth when it turns its electron transport chain?
what is the vitamin name and number of that enzyme?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many pyruvates are formed?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many ATP's are used in glycolysis?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many ATP's are directly produced in glycolysis?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many NADH's are produced in glycolysis?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many turns of the Kreb's cycle?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many ATP's per glucose in kreb's cycle?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many NADH's per glucose in kreb's cycle?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many acetyl CoA's will be produced from pyruvate?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many NADH's will be produced as pyruvate turns to acetylCoA's?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many CO2's will be produced?
FOR EVERY ONE GLUCOSE oxidized, how many ATP's total will be produced from the breakdown of one glucose?
IF there is not sufficient oxygen available for the Kreb's cycle to keep up with glycolysis, what is pyruvate converted to?
what is the name of the process for the condition described above?
for fats to enter the kreb's cycle, what must they be broken down into?
what is the process called where amino acids lose their nitrogen so that they can enter the kreb's cycle?
what molecule will contain that nitrogen until it is filtered from the blood?
when an amino acid is converted into another nonessential amino acid in the liver, what process is this called and what vitamin is necessary?
what is the process in whicdh glucose is produced from noncarbohydrate sources (as in starvation or diabetes)?
what metabolites can build up int he above process from the oxidation of fats and can be detected on the breath?
what vitamin is involved in decarboxylating molecules like pyruvate and kreb's cycle intermediates?
what vitamin that is involved in DNA synthesis is dramatically important for the manufacture of new RBC's?
what vitamin is necessary for Ca absorbtion?
fat soluble antioxidant also involved in photoreceptor chemicals reactions?
vitamin necessary for normal blood clotting
vitamin valuable in decreasing the incidence of birth defects increased during pregnancy
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