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Terms in this set (22)
King of the Mali empire. Rules for 25 years, and the story of his reign and accomplishments is told in a story called Sundiata.
Came to power in 1307 after Sundiata. Mali reached its height under his rule. During his rule, Mali territory expanded, population grew to almost 40 million, and Mali grew wealthier. Much of the wealth came from taxation of the gold-salt trading. Mali kept order of the Saharan trade routes by use of a large army, which also kept Mali life peaceful.
Was a devout Muslim, and made Islam a power influence, especially among the ruling class.
Musa set out on a hajj to Mecca with 60,000 other people. Trip led to changes in Mali. Musa brought artists and architects back with him who designed beautiful mosques. He also built schools and libraries for people to study Islamic writings. The Hajj also effected Europeans because they now knew of Mali and started to put Mali on their maps.
Songhai military leader. Took Timbuktu from Tuarag. He led campaigns against neighboring people to build an empire. Success was due to his army of skilled cavalry and naval of war canoes. Conquered new territories and replaced local leaders with his own loyal followers. This made revolts among captured people, which contributed to the downfall of Ghana and Mali less likely.
Songhai reached its cultural height under his rule. Reign was considered a golden age. Expanded Songhai and strengthened its government. First Muslim ruler. Made a pilgrimage to Mecca. Traveled through Egypt where he gained support of Muslim rulers. He made contact with traders from North Africa. This resulted in trans-Saharan trade resume. Askia used his new wealth to once again take Timbuktu. He extended Songhai's boarders northern into the desert. He reformed the government to help keep order. He ruled the eastern part of empire while appointing someone else to look over western part.
How did trade contribute to the rise of Ghana?
West Africa produced valuable resources that brought high prices. The resources were traded around and brought in a lot of money. The wealth gained from these products made the rulers of Ghana able to create a huge powerful empire.
How did strong rulers build the empire of Mali?
Strong Mali leaders were able to rise to power over the weakening Ghana empire. Mansa Musa was the ruler of the Mali empire at the time. He regained the Saharan trade routes, and heavily taxed the people. He also brought back artists and architects from his Hajj that helped build schools and libraries for the people to learn in.
What were the greatest achievements of the Songhai Empire?
Made Islam an important part of the empire. Askia was very Muslim, so his rule combined with his devotion to his religion brought the Muslim way of life and religion into the empire.
He extended the boarders of Songhai northward into the desert.
Reformed the government- ruled one part of gov while someone else ruled the other part.
What other states developed in West Africa?
Kingdom of Benin
A strip of land that divides the desert from wetter areas
Open grassland area. Extends east from central Africa before coming back south
We're the ones to remember and pass along oral tradition (songs, stories, poems). Storytellers. Helped keep history of Africa Alice for new generations, were highly respected by communities.
African society that was the first to start iron working. In now known Nigeria in west Africa. Produced iron tools and weapons, which made them better farmers, hunters, and warriors. Because of this, they became of power. Became known for producing fine sculptures out of terra-cotta- type of clay. The creation of iron tools let Africans be able to live in more peace than they could become, because they had more weaponry and had a more steady income of food. Iron blades made people be able to cut down trees and clear farming land. Because of all these changes, Africa's population increased.
Language of many African groups. This united these groups because of their easy way to communicate. Began to gradually migrate from east to south. As they moved, they spread their knowledge of farming. Created a complex social- system. Women farmed, and men tended cattle. Cattle became the most important resource in most Bantu societies.
How does Africa's diverse geography shape life on the continent?
The shape of landforms made distinct barriers, which forced people to live in certain areas and made it hard for people to travel. Could not farm to begin with because of the inconsistent rainfall. Farmers learned to grow crops based on the expected rainfall for that year.
People could only trade with certain people because of the access they had to places.
What major changes affected societies during Africa's Iron Age?
Invention of iron tools.
Iron weapons were created, made them better warriors. More efficient tools that made hunting easier and more efficient.
Iron tools made them better farmers. Had better tools that made work easier and quicker. More farming made a more steady income of food.
More food led to more people. More people and better fighters led them to gain power.
King of Aksum, kingdom became great under his rule. Known as a wealthy trading kingdom with a strong military. His authority was mainly limited to the capital city, he collected tribute from local lords who were in different parts but they had little control.
Under his rule, Aksum defeated and took over the kush kingdom who was their rival in trade. This gave Aksum complete control of trade in that region, and soon made that the greatest Eastern African empire
Written and spoken language of Aksum. One of the first written languages developed in Africa and is the basis for written language in Ethiopia today.
Most famous Ethiopian king. Known for building 11 stone Christian churches. Churches showed impressive works of architecture and demonstrate the amazing technical knowledge and skill of Ethiopians at that time. Churches also show of Christianity. Christianity brought a unifying identity to Ethiopian people.
Refers to the blend of of African and Arab culture that developed along East Africa's coast
How did trade and religion influence the development of Aksum and Ethiopia ?
Center of wealth came directly from trade.
Aksum and Ethiopia was located near the Red Sea which is south of Egypt and kush. This location made them situated to control trade on the Red Sea.
How did trade lead to the rise of coastal city-states in East Africa?
Monsoon winds blew travelers towards a direction of land, which made them more willing to travel to these areas for trade because it was easier to get there. Trade network then became intact to link the cities.
The Indian Ocean connected all of the local areas by a large water that made travel from each area easy.
What do historians know about the African kingdom of Great Zimbabwe ?
Was named it because of location near Zambezi river. Was a pet of Africa's thriving trade network because of its location. Served as a middle man between the gold mines and the city-states. (Middle man between gold miners and ivory hunters). They would buy something from one person and sell it to the other, while making a profit on the sale.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
mcdougal Modern World History Review - Part 1
Holt McDougal World History Grade 6 Chapter 5
Chapter 9 The Industrial Revolution
Holt McDougal World History Grade 6
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