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Histology part 3 123456789

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Osseous tissue
Scientific name for bone tissue
Spongy bone
Type of bone that fills the head of long bones
Compact bone
Type of bone that forms the external surfaces of all bones
Haversian (central) canal
cylindrical arrangements of compact bone
Lamellae
Layers surrounding haversian canal and surrounding lamellae
Osteon
Collective name of haversian canal and surrounding lamellae
Osteocytes
Mature bone cells
Canaliculi
Delicate canals radiating from each lacuna which allow osteons to communicate
Periosteum
Tough fibrous covering on all bone
Erythrocyte
Scientific name for red blood cell
Leukocyte
Scientific name for white blood cell
Neurons
Scientific name for nerve cell
Neuroglia
Cell that protects and assists neurons
Soma
Cell body of a neuron
Dendrites
Short branched process that extends from soma and carries impulses away from the soma
Axon (nerve fiber)
Long process extending from soma that carries impulses away from the soma
Muscular tissue
Tissue type that responds to stimulation by contraction
Skeletal muscle
Muscle type that is usually attached to bone and consists of long, cylindrical fibers
Striations
Caused by overlapping filaments, it gives muscle a banded appearance
Cardiac muscle
Muscle type found in the heart
Intercalated discs
Junctions connecting cardiac myocytes
Smooth muscle
Muscle type that lacks striations and is involuntary
Tight junction
Cellular junction that binds neighboring cells firmly and makes them water tight