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Age of Exploration Vocab
Terms in this set (27)
Treaty of Tordesilla
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain that divided their New World land claims.
Who was the first country to explore the New World?
Who made the Treaty of Tordesilla?
Dutch East India Company
Company established to direct trade in Asia. Could mint money, make treaties, and even raise an army.
Chinese dynasty that ruled from 1368-1644.
Who started the Qing Dynasty?
Who were the Manchus?
Invaders from north of China who invaded the Ming Dynasty and caused it to collapse.
Began by Manchus. Ruled China for more than 260 years.
Land controlled by another nation.
Spanish conqueror. Used things like black powder, cannons, guns, and even disease to conquer.
Mixed Spanish and Native American population.
Forced Native American labor by the Spanish.
English colonizers who established English colony of Plymouth after leaving England for being persecuted for their beliefs.
English group seeking religious freedom from England's Anglican Church. Sought to build model Christian community at Massachusetts Bay colony.
Dutch colony established in North America. Also found Hudson Bay and Hudson Straight.
French colony established for fur trading. Also founded Quebec.
First permanent settlement established by the British. Named after King James. However, the colony came close to failing numerous times.
Atlantic Slave Trade
The buying and selling of Africans to work in the Americas.
The voyage that brought captured Africans to the Americas. Was a very deadly time for African Americans.
What is the grandest cultural diffusion in history?
The Columbian Exchange
When the Old World and the New World exchange its culture and ways of living. The global transfer of food, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas.
Economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, for profit.
Theory that held that a company's power depended on its wealth.
Worked like a corporation with investors buying shares of stock from a company.
Why was the Old World isolated from the New World and vice versa? Why are they so different from each other?
The Old and New World were isolated and kept from communicating with each other because of natural barriers; the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Since they absolutely cannot travel to each other without taking a long trip across the ocean, their cultures developed separately and uniquely.
What are the three G's?
The three reasons why people wanted to discover Asia. God, Glory, and Gold.
What was the main disease that wipes out about 50% of the Native American population during the exchange?
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