Sherman, Untitled ﬁlm still #6 1977 (ﬁlm, 50's culture)
prince, untitled (cowboy) 1980-1984 (ad, pop culture, louis l'amour)
Holzer, abuse of power comes as no surprise, 80s
Kelley, More Love, 87, assemblage, abstraction, expression(color), narrative.
koons, made in heaven, 89 billboard, out in street, tone (pop culture)
simpson, guarded conditions, 89 (text and image) Repetition and pattern (same but
not) not about portraiture
• Wall, dead troops talk, 1991-92 (big format, light box, analogus colors, levity)
• Lucas, Au Natural, 94
• Barney, Cremaster 4, 94-95 (themes)
Cremaster 3 (182 min, 2002) was the last film in the cycle to be completed and is the longest film in the series. As the midpoint between the two reflected halves of the Cremaster Cycle, the main themes of Cremaster 3 are Narcissism and hubris. The Architecht, the Apprentice, the Novitiate, and the Chrysler Building can all be seen as "reflections" of one another. In keeping with the Narcissitic theme, Cremaster 3 directly references all five films in the cycle in a number of scenes: the demolition derby (each car represents a different film), the harness race (each team wears silks bearing the logo of a different installment), the Order (each level of the Guggenheim Museum presents a challenge related to a different Cremaster film), and the closing scene atop the Chrysler Building (the Architecht holds five bouquets, whose flowers symbolically refer to the five films). Cremaster 4 (42 min, 1994) was, in fact, the first installment that Barney filmed. It was produced on a shoestring budget of $200,000 (largely paid for by London arts organization Artangel, New York dealer Barbara Gladstone, and the Foundation Cartier in Paris). The film is set on the Isle of Man -- an small island (about three times the size of Washington, D.C.) in the sea between Ireland, England, Scotland, and Wales. The film incorporates imagery from the island's folklore, wildlife, and annual Tourist Trophy motorcycle race. Biologically, Cremaster 4 deals with the organism's desire to return to a state of neutral gender as its male identity is formed.