36 terms

Painting In History

Chapters 4 - 8 in After Modern Art by David Hopkins

Terms in this set (...)

Heather Whiteread, House, 90's
not fitting within the expectation of art.
Daniel Buren untiteld. 1968
vertical lines on human bilboards.
public art
what is art. does it belong inside a building (mocking museum)
Askar Jorn, le canard Inqueirant (the disturbed duck), 50s
Not with the famous, making fun of it.
Challenges to what is painting.
LeWitt, Circles, grides , arcs from Four Corners and Sides, 1973
Private activity, making drawing mural sized (monumental), Gave plans but didn't do the
piece himself. Changed the idea of authorship.
Paragraphs on Conceptual Art
Art Forum 1967
Conceptual Art is only good when the idea is good.
Idea is more important than the physical object.
architecture and 3d art are opposite. Architecture area with a specific function. Art
is not utilitarian. Weakens art's function as art when takes on characteristics.
Makes view have a thought process without narrative.
Conceptualism Via Lucy Lippard
- conceptualism was a kind of dematerialization that emerged
from artist/art workers' desire to resist the gallery system and the commodifying art
Conceptualism via Hopkins
Conceptual artist prioritized idea over process and questioned art dependence on
notions such as authorial origins and institutional placement - Hopkins
Spiral Jetty, Smithson, 1970. "Following to our origins, back to pulpy protoplasm."
Process - medium/symmetrical/scale/Movement/Neg and Pos Space/Red Hue
Entropy- important to smithson.
Lightning Field , Walter De Maria 19702, using nature as palette.
Mary Kelly, postpartum document from Documentation I: 1970s -
Analyzed fecal stains and
feeding chart. Text and image.
Robert Smithson's apprehension
"words and rocks contain a language that follows a syntax of splits and ruptures.. - he felt there was a disjunction between words and reference, he thought a great deal like Rauchenburg or Warhol, but he was also linked to conceptualist trends, and with the concert and performance poetry of the 1960s. -Apprehension of the disjunction between lingusic signifiers and their referents places him with Rauchenberg or warhol at a point pf transition from a Modernist paradign, predicatied on aesthetic and experiential essenses to a
postmodern one.
More Love Hours, mike kelley, 1987
Readymade, rectilinear fashion, speaking to history of art. Throw away objects that have
their own history, before given new life by artist. Comment on throw away culture,
Lyotard: 1979 - Post Modernism
No more grand narrative. No heroic tale, things are referring to past.
Modernism:Of artists and stories. Post modern, contrast- disunity, flashes, fragmented,
unresolvable, complex
Habermas(1980)- Post Modernism
: Modernist ideals are problematic and should be critiqued but we
cannot do away with the specialized narratives, eg. art, science and morality. Modernism still has a place.
Jameson 1984): - Post Modernism
Technologies of repoduction have overtaken technologies of
prodution. Art is a commericialized venture (as opposed to the objective crateve
vocation that the modern and moderist artist claimed it was) Avant gardism as a heriic
undertaking was compromised and audiences ewer composed of philistienes - accross
the class specturm-- who were indifferent to culture. Don't know or care about
difference between ad and painting.
need description, was an artistic and literary movement of the early 20th century that championed experimentation, technicality, primitivism, impersonalism, aestheticism, and intellectualism
A group of American, European, and Japanese artists of the 1960s who created Performance art. Their performances often focused on single actions, such as turning a light on and off or watching falling snow, and were more theatrical than Happenings.
Post Modernism
need more description: the appropriation of previous ideas, referential artwork
Prince - untitled cowboy - 80/84 (talking to american, the association of previous
Cindy Sherman - untitled film still no 6, 1977- archetype - 50's female. Self portraiture twisted. Model of what women
should be. Mirror is there for vanity.
Jenny Holzer- abuse of power comes as no surprise - 1983. Use of language. The
canvas. Meanings could be modified by who is wearing. Open ended.
Jeff Koons - made in heaven - 89, pushing what is the subject of art. Taste. Bilboard.
Not inside the confines of the gallery/museum. The use of the body back in post
modernism. Sometimes the artist/sometimes not,
Jeff Koons - made in heaven - 89, pushing what is the subject of art. Taste. Bilboard.
Not inside the confines of the gallery/museum. The use of the body back in post
modernism. Sometimes the artist/sometimes not,
Simpson, Guarded conditions, 89, words and images interchangeable. Body, the
juxtaposition. Makes of think of niformity/repetition, but there is subtle. Takes out the faces. Anonymity. Symbol instead of individual. Aliteration.
Examples of post modernist practices.
Sherman, Untitled film still #6 1977 (film, 50's culture)
prince, untitled (cowboy) 1980-1984 (ad, pop culture, louis l'amour)
Holzer, abuse of power comes as no surprise, 80s
Kelley, More Love, 87, assemblage, abstraction, expression(color), narrative.
koons, made in heaven, 89 billboard, out in street, tone (pop culture)
simpson, guarded conditions, 89 (text and image) Repetition and pattern (same but
not) not about portraiture
• Wall, dead troops talk, 1991-92 (big format, light box, analogus colors, levity)
• Lucas, Au Natural, 94
• Barney, Cremaster 4, 94-95 (themes)
cremaster 1
Metaphorically, this episode represents the state of total ascension of the cremaster muscle and sexual undifferentiation. - Goodyear Blimp lady.. grapes.. weirdness.
Cremaster 2
Within the Cremaster Cycle, Cremaster 2 represents the next first stirrings of gender difference. The idea of conflict between the sexes is explored using the metaphor of the queen bee and her drones (the beehive is also a symbol of Mormonism, signifying the importance of the collective over the individual, and appears on the Utah state flag). Another important motif in Cremaster 2 is the two-step. The dance is used as a metaphor for doubling back, Gilmore moving back through his own conception to Houdini's metamorphosis.
Cremaster 3
Cremaster 3 (182 min, 2002) was the last film in the cycle to be completed and is the longest film in the series. As the midpoint between the two reflected halves of the Cremaster Cycle, the main themes of Cremaster 3 are Narcissism and hubris. The Architecht, the Apprentice, the Novitiate, and the Chrysler Building can all be seen as "reflections" of one another. In keeping with the Narcissitic theme, Cremaster 3 directly references all five films in the cycle in a number of scenes: the demolition derby (each car represents a different film), the harness race (each team wears silks bearing the logo of a different installment), the Order (each level of the Guggenheim Museum presents a challenge related to a different Cremaster film), and the closing scene atop the Chrysler Building (the Architecht holds five bouquets, whose flowers symbolically refer to the five films).
Cremaster 4
Cremaster 4 (42 min, 1994) was, in fact, the first installment that Barney filmed. It was produced on a shoestring budget of $200,000 (largely paid for by London arts organization Artangel, New York dealer Barbara Gladstone, and the Foundation Cartier in Paris). The film is set on the Isle of Man -- an small island (about three times the size of Washington, D.C.) in the sea between Ireland, England, Scotland, and Wales. The film incorporates imagery from the island's folklore, wildlife, and annual Tourist Trophy motorcycle race. Biologically, Cremaster 4 deals with the organism's desire to return to a state of neutral gender as its male identity is formed.
Cremaster 5
Cremaster 5 (55 min, 1997) is a five-act opera (sung in Hungarian) set in late-ninteenth century Budapest. The last film in the series, Cremaster 5 represents the moment when the testicles are finally released and sexual differentiation is fully attained. The lamenting tone of the opera suggests that Barney invisions this as a moment of tragedy and loss. The primary character is the Queen of Chain (played by Ursula Andress). Barney, himself, plays three characters who appear in the mind of the Queen: her Diva, Magician, and Giant. The Magician is a stand-in for Harry Houdini, who was born in Budapest in 1874 and appears as a recurring character in the Cremaster cycle.
Roland Barthes
• The death of the author was first published in English trans in 67
• "writing is where all identity is lost, starting with the very identity of the body writing"
• "It is language that speaks, not the author"
• "the reader is the space on which all the quotations that make a writing are inscribed
without any of them being lost; a text's unity lies not in its origin but in its destination...
the reader is without history biography, psychology; he is simply that someone who
holds together in a single field all the traces by which the written text is constituted"
Sarah Lucas, Au Natural, 1994. Female/Male. Lot of symbols, Still Life references on a
rectiliniar format. On floor of white cube gallery. 40 years after pollock putting it on the
floor. Art is not just about stuff on the wall. Also ready made. Things from everyday life.
Speaks to temporality (wants fact it will be different and needs to be refreshed)
Why are you freaking out about nudity. Dirtyness of matress. Sex only happens on
Jeff Wall. Dead Troops Talk (a vision after an ambush of a red army patrol, moqor
afghanistan winter 1986) 1991-92

"I wanted to involve an element of levity but without comedy.. IN any group of thriteen
men, three are at least goiong to complete fools. So its likely they would remain fools
even after death. On the other hand, maybe they wern't fools before and only became
so once they were killed." - jeff wall.
Thinking like a conceptual artist. PICTURE as verb. "Picture in its verb form"... (crimp)
if postmodernism is to have a theoretical value, it cannot be used merely as another chronological term;... it must disclose the particular nature of a breach with modernism. It is in this sense that the readily new approach to mediums is important.
It has not become necessary to think of description as stratigraphic activity. We are in search of structures of signification. underneath every picture there is always another picture... (crimp 186)
Michael Fried
objects approaching the condition of theatre - art should be artistic not theatrical.
What FREID was striving for was present-ness.
Sherrie Levine, Untitled (presidential profile) 1979.
never pointing directly at a meaning - post modernist practice.
opportunity for us to open a door and come up with different meanings.
Cremaster Overview
The Cremaster Cycle is a series of five films directed by artist Matthew Barney, with a total running time of just under seven hours. Biologically, the cremaster is a muscle that raises and lowers the testicles. Barney uses the descension of the cremaster muscle as a symbol for the onset of male gender (which appears about nine weeks after a fetus is conceived). The five films progress from a state of undifferentiated gender (a fully ascended cremaster muscle, represented by the floating Goodyear Blimps and other symbols), through the organism's struggle to resist gender definition, to the inevitable point where maleness can no longer be denied (complete descension of the cremaster and release of the testes).