Terms in this set (20)

North America
c. AD 1070
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* one of the largest of the woodlands mounds
- when first made it was an effort to preserve a native American site from destruction at the hands of hunters and farmers
- Mississippians built this in Ohio, they associated snakes with the earth and the fertility of crops
- built this serpent mound--> replicates the path of Halley's comet in 1066, could have been built in response to the same comet lighting up the north American heavens
- built by large labor force, under direction of a powerful elite who wanted to leaves its mark on the landscape
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-effigy mound- mouth in the form of a human or animal, this example= snake
- the length is ¼ mile that overlooks a creek, on top of a hill ***no evidence of religious ceremony no one dead around it
***Meaning 1) use of serpent, the snake, snakes have to do with earth, snakes represent the earth because they are in touch with earth because no legs, they live underground in the earth, the also represent water, have ideas of fertility, life and earth
- highest point of the mound, oval shape might be open mouth might be eating an egg ** no writing MAYBE POSSIBLY
- eggs are where life comes from, this object is eating something that represents life, something that means life is devouring something that means life WHY?
- Halley's comet appeared, great comet, might represent comet streaking across the sky, if this idea is true no idea what it means
Nigeria
12-13 centuries AD
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Ile-Ife
- Ile-Ife artists portrayed their sacred kings in sculpture
- many people see it as the center of the world, mother culture, most important culture
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- exceptional work because of the artists naturalism in recording facial features and fleshy anatomy
- naturalism does not extend to body proportions
- the heads of the Ife rules are disproportionately large compared to bodies
- the head can be seen as the locus of wisdom, destiny, and essence of being
- took great care to indicate the mans status as a sacred ruler by reproduction the details of the kings heavily beaded costume, crown and jewelry
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- brass head, this was shocking because scholars did not know Africans were this advanced, this completely changed African art history

*loss waxed method ?
- this is very natural/realistic, highly detailed as if looking at a portrait, its a king of some type because king is the god, bronze/brass--> very expensive mediums and you only spend that kind of money with loss waxed method for people of importance (king)
-idealized naturalism--> no blemishes, but we do see scars, scars purpose was to identify the kings
- red lines around eyes- may be face paint, something kings would of put on for ceremonies, holes on head--> decorate with a headdress
- face of king= place of wisdom, may put veil over his face, something the holes might be for to hold it in place
- the head is brass the body would of been made out of wood
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