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Western Art & Architecture I Fin

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colossuem
eclectism, Greek columns plus Roman arches, Flavian. symbol of rome. political decision of Vespasian, contrast to Nero reign, concrete skeleton
Temple of Portutus
rome\\eclectism, Etruscan pattern of layout, ionic layout. psuedoperipteral design ie: columns in front, rear columns "fused" with walls
house of the vettii
pompeii\\pompeiian fourth style frescos, famous domus, well preserved by eruption of Vesuvius
roman house plan
etruscan models, plus peristyle garden
First style painting
structural, masonry, fake marble walls; spreaed of hellenistic; represent more expensive coutnerparts
second style
illusionism. create a sense of space, linear perspecive. instead of "strengthening" the apperaranc of walls, serve to rbeak down appreaacnce
third style
fantastic representations, involvinf floating landscapes amid delicate columns, ie: ornate style
fourth style
follows a "baroque" response to third mannerism. return to illusioinism, white framed paintings which took up entire walls
sculpture of augustus
idealized, mod after classical greek style, neveraging son of a god. roman clinging to greek ideals
maison carree
nimes, france.\\pseudoperipteral style. corinthian
pont-du-garde
nimes, fr\\ aqueduct -bridge product of roman engineering,
porta maggiore
rome\\\\double gate. two water channels,rusticated vs smooth masonry under claudius, eccentric look
vespasian
republican values in contrast to Nero's representation of vanity
arch of titus
Rome\\Domitian tribute to brother, triumphal arch: built celebrate victories and growth
trajans forum
Appolodorus of damascus\\\rome's largest forum
column of trajan
appolodorus\\ story spiral frieze almost like a scroll. non chrono, accurate depiction of campaigns, with focus on the emperor
trajans market
appolodorus \\\made ppossible by modern concrete several leevels high, resembles modern mall
arch of trajan
benevento, ita\\\relief panels, similar to arch of titus, advertises emps achievements
hadrian
beard shows fondness with Greek, first rom emp to wear beard, modeled after classical greek
pantheon
hadrianj credit; temple of all gods'; corinthian colums pseudoperipteral structure, but hollow dome + cyl structure
int pantheon
hollow dome, with oculus, spherical hollow
al khazneh,, petra
petra, jordan\\\rock cut facade tomb; "baroque", disregard for classical greek
eques, stat of marcus aurelius
grandeur, victory,
4 tetrarchs
venice\\diocletian creation. implied equal share of power by identical portraits.
arch of constantine
ever evolving, lavish decoration, pulling from past but similar constructions
constantine
Basilica Nova\\\eternal youth; jupiter-like statue enthroned, holding orb of world power
interior synagogue
tempura on plaster, old and new testament themes
samuel anoints david
mural painitng in synagogue, frontal rows, style gestures, expressionless, no shadow,
seated christ
rarity, due to forbidden nature of idol worship, context unknown,
christ the good shepherd
likewise
interior of sant'apollinare nuovo
ravenna, ita\\\
christ before pilate
manuscript, arch around Pilate suggests its source of composition in nchurch apse
suicide of judas
stocky figures, first known rep of christ, ivory box. youthful painless christ