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40 terms

systems

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right lymphatic duct
receives lymph from the right upper part of the body
axillary lymph node
lymph node found on the thorax where the elbow meets when pulled back
lymphatic vessel
a vascular duct that carries lymph which is eventually added to the venous blood circulation
cisterna chyli
an enlarged pouch on the thoracic duct that serves as a storage area for lymph moving toward its point of entry into the venous system
tonsils
oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the pharynx that filter air to protect the body from bacterial invasion; also called palatine
cervical lymph node
Occurs on lateral aspect of neck anterior to sternocleidomastoid muscle. Manifests in late childhood or early adulthood. Painless swelling, draining fistula occasionally develops.
mammary plexus
lymphatic vessels around the breasts
spleen
a large dark-red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm
inguinal lymph node
lymph node found on the hind end
nose
catch the scent of
nasal cavity
either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cranium and the roof of the mouth and extending from the face to the pharynx
pharynx
the passage to the stomach and lungs
larynx
a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea
trachea
membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi
bronchi
two short branches located at the lower end of the trachea that carry air into the lungs.
lungs
two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage, responsible for respiration
upper tract
nose, pharynx, larynx
lower tract
consists of the bronchial tree and lungs
kidney
either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
bladder
a bag that fills with air
ureter
either of a pair of thick-walled tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
sphincter
a ring of muscle that contracts to close an opening
urethra
duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct
acending colon
VERTICAL ON RIGHT SIDE OF ABD
rectum
the terminal section of the alimentary canal
oral cavity
the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
stomach
an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal
submandibular gland
a salivary gland inside the lower jaw on either side that produces most of the nocturnal saliva
descending colon
the part of the large intestine that descends from the transverse colon to the sigmoid colon
vermiform appendix
a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch
tongue
a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
duodenum
the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum
parotid gland
a large salivary gland that produces 50% of daytime saliva
transverse colon
the part of the large intestine that extends across the abdominal cavity and joins the ascending to the descending colon, the part of the large intestine that extends across the abdominal cavity and joins the ascending to the descending colon
sigmoid colon
the s-shaped curve between the descending colon and the rectum
small interstine
part of the digestve system in which most chemical digestive takes place
esophagus
the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
liver
large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity
cecum
the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
thymus
a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity