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30 terms

Earth's Layers Magnetic Field Rocks NJ Geology Resources

Earth Science
STUDY
PLAY
Crust
the thin and solid outer most layer of the earth above the mantle
Mantle
The layer of rock between the earths crust and core
Inner Core
it is solid, dense and extends from bottom of outer core to center of the earth
Outer Core
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of Earth
Rock Cycle
the process by which one rock type changes into another rock type
Igneous Rock
rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava
Magma
molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Lava
magma that flows onto the Earth's surface
Sedimentary Rock
a type of rock, such as limestone, that is most likely to contain fossils and is formed when layers of sand, silt, clay, or mud are cemented and compacted together or when minerals are deposited from a solution
Weathering
the process that breaks down rocks and other substances at the Earth's surface, The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
Erosion
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
Metamorphic Rock
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or, chemical reactions.
Sediment
loose materials, such as rock fragments,mineral grains, and the remains of once-living plants and animals, that have been moved by wind, water, ice, or gravity.
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter
Metamorphic
change of form
renewable
A resource that we will not run out of or that can be replaced in our lifetime
nonrenewable
a resource that forms at a much slower rate then the rate that is is consumed
solar energy
sunlight that is converted into usable energy
biomass fuel
Fuel that derives from plant material and animal waste
geothermal energy
energy derived from the heat in the interior of the earth
ores
a mineral from which one or more metals can be profitably obtained
fossil fuel
a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of organisms that lived long ago; examples include oil, coal, and natural gas
oil
liquid fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is burned to obtain energy and used in the manufacture of plastics
coal
fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period
natural gas
A mixture of hydrocarbon gases that occur with petroleum deposits
hydropower
the use of the kinetic energy in moving water such as rivers or tidal currents to generate electricity
tidal energy
The energy captured by transforming the wave motion of water into electrical energy using a turbine
wind energy
The energy captured by transforming the motion of air into electrical energy using a turbine
hydrogen fuel cell
a cell that generates electricity from a controlled reaction between hydrogen and oxygen, the waste material is water
NJ Energy most common
1= coal 2= nuclear