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30 terms

Classical Roots D Lessons 3-4

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Dogma
Noun. A system of doctrines put forth by an authority, especially a Church, to be the absolute truth.
Dogmatic
Adj. 1. Pertaining to dogma.
2. Expressed in an authoritative or arrogant manner.
Heterodox
Adj. Not in agreememnt with accepted beliefs; holding unorthodox opinions.
Agnostic
1. Noun. A person who believes nothing can be known about the existence of a god.
2. Adj. Relating to the belief that existence of a God is unknowable.
Physiognomy
Noun. Art of judging human character by facial features; facial features when regarded as revealing character.
Prognosis
Noun. A prediction of the outcome of a disease; any forecast or prediction.
Criterion (Criteria)
Noun. A standard, rule, or test on which a decision or judgement can be made.
Hypocrisy
Noun. Pretending to have feelings, beliefs, or virtues that one does not have.
Amnesty
Noun. A general pardon for offenders; especially for political offenses.
Mnemonic
Adj. Relating to or assisting the memory.
Frenetic
Adj. Frantic; Frenzied.
Schizophrenia
1. Noun. A severe mental disorder in which a person becomes unable to act or reason in a rational way, often with delusions and with withdrawal from relationships.
2. Noun. A situation of extreme conflict between choices, loyalties, or ways of life.
Arraign
Tr.v. 1.(Legal) to call to court to answer charges.
2. To accuse; to charge with wrongdoing.
Rationale
Noun. The reasons underlying something, often presented as a statement.
Rationalize
Tr.v. To provide a rational basis for something, often by false or self-serving reasoning.
Sapient
Adj. Wise, insightful (often used ironically, but not all the time).
Sage
1. Noun. A person, usually elderly, who is honored for wisdom and experience.
2. Adj. Wise; judicious
Cognition
Noun. The act of percieving or knowing.
Cognizant
Adj. Aware; having knowledge of something.
Connoisseur
Noun. An expert, or very discriminating person, especially in matters of art and taste.
Notorious
Adj. Widely and unfavorably known; infamous.
Compute
Tr.v. To determine by mathematics.
Impute
Tr.v. To attribute or ascribe a quality, especially a FAULT, to a person.
Repute
Tr.v. To assign a reputation to (usually used with "to be").
Putative
Adj. Supposed; reputed.
Presage
Noun. A sign or feeling concerning some future event; an omen; foreboding.
Sagacious
Adj. Shrewd; having good judgement; perceptive.
Conscientious
Adj. 1. Guided by one's sense of right and wrong.
2. Thorough; with careful attention.
Plebiscite
Noun. A direct vote of all the people of a country or district on an important matter; a referandum.
Prescience
Noun. Knowledge of events before they occur; foresight; foreknowledge.