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Chapter 12 Times of Change
SS Chapter 12 Scott Foresman
Terms in this set (25)
How did President Monroe react to European interest in the Americas?
He issued the Monroe Doctrine.
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?
to protect American lands from future European colonization
How was Andrew Jackson different from the previous six Presidents?
He was the son of poor pioneers who had moved West
What did Jackson's political party encourage?
the "common people" to vote
What happened as settlers began to claim Indian lands in the Southeast?
The Indian Removal Act was passed.
What was an effect of the Indian Removal Act?
Many Indians in the South were forced off their lands
How were tools, cloth, and most other goods made before the Industrial Revolution?
What effect did the Industrial Revolution have on the supply of goods?
More goods were made.
Name some things that led to increased crop production.
mechanical reaper, cotton gin, more slaves
What effect did new machines have on Americans?
Goods were produced more quickly and more cheaply.
What methods of transportation were commonly used to transport goods to market on the western frontier?
road, boat, railroad.
What advance in technology improved land travel?
steamboats, airplanes, and wagon trains
Describe the Second Great Awakening
revival of religious beliefs
Who were the reformers who moved to end slavery?
How did the abolitionists spread their word?
What was a goal of the women's rights movement?
What were focuses of the reform movement of the 1850's
slavery, education, prisons
What led President James Monroe to issue the Monroe Doctrine?
President Monroe wanted to prevent Russia, Britain and other nations from colonizing the American continents.
Compare and contrast suffrage in the eastern and western states in the early 1800s.
The eastern states granted suffrage only to white men who owned property. States farther west granted suffrage to all men, whether or not they were property owners.
What was the purpose of the Indian Removal Act?
The United States wanted to open lands in the southern United States to white settlers for farming, trading, hunting and herding, if it it had to ignore the rights of Indian groups to do so.
Who benefited from the Industrial Revolution?
Everyone involved in making goods by machine benefited. Machines helped businesses make more goods at a cheaper cost. This allowed the businesses to make more products, earn more money, and hire more people, who then could buy the goods with money they earned. Also, consumers were able to buy cheaper goods.
Why were more slaves needed to grow and pick cotton after the cotton gin was invented?
The factories needed more raw cotton to make into cloth. More slaves were needed to grow and pick cotton because the demand for cotton increased.
Why did railroads replace water routes as the preferred way to travel?
Train travel was faster, cheaper, and more comfortable. People also could get to more places by train than they could by water routes.
What reaction did the Second Great Awakening have on many Americans?
The Second Great Awakening caused people to reexamine their lives. It revived religious feelings and led people to believe they could become better people.
What similar methods did antislavery reformers and supporters of women's rights use to share their message?
Many supporters gave speeches, printed newspaper articles, and preached in support of the rights of slaves and women.
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