Upgrade to remove ads
HTH Day 10
Terms in this set (39)
United Nations, 1945
An international organization created after World War II to Promote international cooperation, stop wars between countries and provided a platform for dialogue and diplomacy.
Cold war, 1945-1991
A War of words and threats between the United States and the Soviet Union that was marked primarily by a political and economic, rather than military struggled between the two nations.
Term introduced by Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe after World War II.
Marshall Plan, 1948
Designed to promote the economic recovery of Western Europe with massive amounts of U.S. financial aid.
The U.S. policy of containing the spread communism. Containment was the foundation of U.S. foreign policy from the late 1940's until the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990's. The policy was conceived by George Kennan, a State Department Employee and expert on the Soviet Union.
Truman Doctrine, 1947
President Harry Truman's policy of providing Economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949
Mutual defense alliance among the nations of Western Europe and North American. Designed to contain the spread of communism.
Berlin airlift, 1948
Response of the U.S. And Great Britain to the Soviet Union's blockade of western Berlin. Supplies were sent to West Berlin with continuous flights of thousands of American and British Airplanes.
Development of the Hydrogen Bomb, 1952
The first hydrogen bomb, which was one-thousand times more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was tested in the U.S. in the south Pacific in 1952. The Soviet Union, after testing their first a-bomb in 1949 tested their first H-bomb in 1953.
Term used by secretary to state John Foster Dulles that implied the U.S. was willing to use nuclear force in response to communist aggression.
New Look, 1955
President Eisenhower's policy of reducing the size of the U.S. army, developing tactile nuclear weapons, and building strategic air power to employ nuclear weapons. Came to be known as a "bigger bang for the buck".
Practice under Eisenhower of trying to win international disputes through a willingness to push dangerous situation of the space race.
Cold war competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for supremacy in technology and spaceflight.
Sputnik I, 1957
The first artificial satellite launched into space. It's launch by the Soviet Union marked the beginning of the space race.
Soviet theory under Khrushchev that the Soviet Union could coexist peacefully with the United States. Ended in 1960 when the U.S. was caught sending U-2 spy planes over the Soviet Union.
Soviet leader who denounced Joseph Stalin in 1956 and improved the Soviet Union's image abroad. (Lost his power in 1964 after falling to improve the Soviet Union economy)
Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
Military crisis between the U.S. and Soviet Union over a secret Soviet Attempt to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba.
President Kennedy's Strategy of considering a variety of military and nonmilitary options when facing foreign policy decisions.
Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1963
Treaty signed by the United States, the Soviet Union and 100 other nations that banned nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water.
Strategic arms limitation Treaty I (SALT I), 1979
Treaty signed between U.S. and the Soviet Union to limit offensive Nuclear Weapons and defensive antiballistic missile systems.
Nixon's policy of requiring countries threatened by communism to assume most of military burden, with the United States offering political and economic support.
Policy of relaxing tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Introduced by Nixon in the early 1970's
Strategic arms limitation Treaty II (SALT II), 1979
Treated between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to limit the number of strategic nuclear missiles in each Country. The U.S. Congress did not approve the Treaty due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 1979
After The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December 1979, President Carter placed an embargo on the wheat shipments to Russia, increased spending on defense, and boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
Congressional Committee, created in 1938, that began investigating suspected Communists and fellow-travelers in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Someone who sympathized with or supported the beliefs of the communist party without being a member. Many Americans fellow Travelers were investigating and blacklisted during the late 1940's and 1950's
State department official accused of being a communist spy who was convicted of perjury and sent to prison.
McCarran Internal security Act, 1950
Law that required communists to register with the U.S. government and made it a crime to conspire to establish a totalitarian government in the United States. The law also allowed for the detention of dangerous, disloyal, or subversive persons.
McCarran-Walter Act, 1952
Immigration law that permitted deportation and denial of entry into the United States for ideological reasons.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Husband and wife who were executed in 1953 for passing information about the atomic bomb to the soviets.
Republican senator from Wisconsin who in 1950 began a communist witch-hunt that lasted until he was censured by the senate in 1954.
The term used to describe the tactic of making accusations of corruption or disloyalty without evidence and no regard to civil liberties.
National Security Council, 1947
Executive agency composed of the president, vice president, and four cabinet members. Established to coordinate the strategic policies and defense of the United States.
Army-McCarthy Hearings, 1954
Televised investigations by Senator McCarthy. The hearings ended McCarthy's popularity and led to his censure by the U.S. senate.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 1947
Government agency created to gather and evaluate military, political, social, and economic information on foreign nations.
Chinese Civil War
War between Chinese government forces led by Chiang Kai-shek and communist forces led by Mao Zedong. In 1949 Chiang and his supporters fled to Taiwan, where they set up a separate Nationalist government.
Nationalist leader of Iran who was overthrown with the help of the American CIA. Replaced by Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi in 1953.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Leader of Egypt who successfully opposed the French and British imperial powers during the 1956 Suez crisis.
Ho Chi Minh
Nationalist leader of Vietnam who opposed the Unites States during the Vietnam war.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH 8.1 Terms (Post-World War II Foreign Policy)
Cold War Terms
The Cold War
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Sociology Chapter 4
Sociology chapter 2
HTH Day 9