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Iran, Mossadegh, and the Nationalization of Oil
Terms in this set (5)
What impact did the Second World War have on Iran?
-The country was occupied by the Soviet Union and Britain
The invasion aimed to remove German influence in Iran and open a supply route to the Soviet Union
-The occupiers deposed Reza Shah and replaced him Muhammad Reza Shah
-The Iranian parliament, the Majlis, was resurrected and given real power
Who was Muhammad Mossadegh?
He was a nationalist Iranian politician and Prime Minister of Iran from 1951-1953
What were Muhammad Mossadegh's policies
-Nationalized the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
-Worked to limit the powers of the Shah and expand democracy
-Redistributed land to peasants in the form of collective farms
why was Muhammad Mossadegh ultimately removed from office?
-Domestic opposition resulted from his alienation of the traditional elite, and well as his former supporters, after he assumed emergency powers
-International opposition came from the United States, which feared that Iran would fall into the Soviet camp
What impact did Iran's oil resources have on the politics and society of the country?
-Resentment of foreign control of Iranian oil galvanized support for the nationalization of oil resources in the early 1950s
This popular sentiment helped put Muhammad Mossadegh in power
-A blockade and boycott of Iranian oil after the nationalization impoverished the country and led to political dissent
-After the fall of Mossadegh, Muhammad Reza Shah used oil revenue to fund further industrialization and the White Revolution reforms
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