36 terms

Literary Terms

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alliteration
the repitition of the same begninning consonant sound
allusion
a reference to something or someone recognizable to the reader
assonance
the similarity of two or more vowel sounds in words that are close together, especially in poetry
antagonist
the character opposing the protagonist
climax
the most critical moment in the plot, the most intense conflict
complications
situations that add to the conflict of the story
conflict
the problem to be solved in the story (external of internal)
dialect
a way of speaking that is characteristic to a specific group
diction
the words the author chooses to create a feeling or mood
direct characterization
direct comments by the author about a character
ellipsis
a series of dots; indicates a pause or omitted information, creates tension
external conflict
a problem or struggle outside of the character
exposition
the beginning of the story when the reader is introduced to the setting and characters of the story
flashback
a scene from the past is relived
foreshadowing
clues or hints that suggest events that will happen later in the story
hyperbole
a gross exaggeration
idiom
an expression whose meaning cannot be understood from the meanings of its actual words
imagery
words or phrases appealing to the five senses that an author uses to create vivid scenes
indirect characterization
learning about a character through actions, speech, or other character's reactions
internal conflict
a problem or struggle within a character
irony
the opposite of what the reader expects; humor based on using words to suggest the opposite of their literal meaning
metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things without using like or as
narrator
the person relating the story
onomatopoeia
a word making the sound it describes
oxymoron
combining a pair of opposite words into a single, unusual expression
personification
giving human qualities or traits to objects or ideas
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told
protagonist
the central character who is trying to overcome a problem or adversity
resolution
the ending of the story where the conflict is resolved
rhyme
a similarity in the sound of word endings, especially in poetry
setting
the specific time and place of the story
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
suspense
makes the reader uncertain or tense about the outcome
symbolism
the use of one thing or idea to represent another
theme
the central method or lesson of the story
tone
the quality or character of something as an indicator of the attitude or view of the author