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Romulus and Remus

two twins who according to legend founded the city of Rome in 753 BC. According to legend, they were twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River as infants and raised by a she-wolf. The twins then decided to build a city near the spot.


Trojan hero written about in "The Aeneid". Called the father of the Romans because he united trojans and Latins


An ancient people living in the region of Latium, Italy, who believed that they descended from Latinus, the father-in-law of Aeneas


a sophisticated urban people of obscure origins in Northern Italy - Romans used their alphabet, "Roman numerals", ect...


About 620 BC, ruling Etruscan family of Rome, Very cruel, they taught the Latins to build with brick and to roof their houses.


a farmer who was chosen as dictator to lead the Roman army and quickly defeated his foes in a single day and was not eager to hold on to his power


great Carthaginian general during 2nd Punic War; successfully invaded Italy, but failed to conquer Rome; finally defeated at Battle of Zama; fought with elephants


Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)

Julius Caesar

Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power


later took name of Augustus; Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son; defeated conservative senators after Caesar's assassination; became first Roman emperor.


Caesars's ally and assistant, took the east side of Rome, part of second Triumverate


political leader, writer, and Rome's greatest public speaker


title that Octavion took; means "the reverend or majectic one"


A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century A.D.; one of the twelve Caesars. To humiliate the senators of Rome, he appointed his horse to the senate; killed by the Praetorian Guard


Last of the Julio Claudian emperors (related to Caesar), Initially tried to rule as Octavian, Murdered his meddling mother, Blamed Christians for fire in Rome. "fiddle while Rome burned." ; committed suicide


"Romanized"and organized the empire- built bridges, roads, and aqueducts, ruled during the height of the Pax Romana, Built Hadrians Wall across Britain, strengthened borders; one of the "good emperors"

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