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16 terms

Ch. 8 ID's

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Romulus and Remus
two twins who according to legend founded the city of Rome in 753 BC. According to legend, they were twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River as infants and raised by a she-wolf. The twins then decided to build a city near the spot.
Aeneas
Trojan hero written about in "The Aeneid". Called the father of the Romans because he united trojans and Latins
Latins
An ancient people living in the region of Latium, Italy, who believed that they descended from Latinus, the father-in-law of Aeneas
Estruscans
a sophisticated urban people of obscure origins in Northern Italy - Romans used their alphabet, "Roman numerals", ect...
Tarquins
About 620 BC, ruling Etruscan family of Rome, Very cruel, they taught the Latins to build with brick and to roof their houses.
Cincinnatus
a farmer who was chosen as dictator to lead the Roman army and quickly defeated his foes in a single day and was not eager to hold on to his power
Hannibal
great Carthaginian general during 2nd Punic War; successfully invaded Italy, but failed to conquer Rome; finally defeated at Battle of Zama; fought with elephants
Scipio
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
Julius Caesar
Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power
Octavian
later took name of Augustus; Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son; defeated conservative senators after Caesar's assassination; became first Roman emperor.
Antony
Caesars's ally and assistant, took the east side of Rome, part of second Triumverate
Cicero
political leader, writer, and Rome's greatest public speaker
Augustus
title that Octavion took; means "the reverend or majectic one"
Caligula
A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century A.D.; one of the twelve Caesars. To humiliate the senators of Rome, he appointed his horse to the senate; killed by the Praetorian Guard
Nero
Last of the Julio Claudian emperors (related to Caesar), Initially tried to rule as Octavian, Murdered his meddling mother, Blamed Christians for fire in Rome. "fiddle while Rome burned." ; committed suicide
Hadrian
"Romanized"and organized the empire- built bridges, roads, and aqueducts, ruled during the height of the Pax Romana, Built Hadrians Wall across Britain, strengthened borders; one of the "good emperors"