Test 3 part 1
Terms in this set (51)
1. All of the following are true of public opinion except that
a. it plays a small role in our political system.
2. Which of the following is (are) true?
b. Public opinion can be described as the aggregate of individual attitudes shared by some portion of the adult population.
c. There is no single "public," but rather many different publics.
e. Both b and c
3. General agreement among the citizenry on an issue is
a. a consensus.
4. Here are the results of an opinion poll that asked if people were willing to allow government agencies to monitor telephone calls and email of ordinary Americans on a regular basis to help present terrorism. The results show an example of ____ opinion. (Willing: 41%; Not willing: 52%. Don't know/No answer: 7%.)
5. Private opinion becomes public opinion when
b. it concerns public issues and is publicly expressed.
6. The process by which people acquire political beliefs and attitudes is called
b. political socialization.
7. Political socialization
b. is the way that people acquire their political beliefs and values.
8. The transfer of political values
b. is more likely to occur from parents to children.
9. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
b. In high school students have little exposure to ideas about the American political system.
10. Peer groups are most likely to influence political attitudes when
d. the peer group is actively involved in political activities.
11. An opinion leader is
a. one who is able to influence the opinions of others because of position, expertise, or personality.
12. Many people believe that the media's influence on public opinion
c. has grown to equal the influence of the family.
13. Which of the following is an incorrect statement?
e. Most politicians have avoided networking systems because they fear the connections with the public.
14. The new forms of media
d. include talk radio and cable networks centered around the news.
15. Which of the following is (are) true?
c. More important than age is the impact of significant political events that shape the political attitudes of an entire generation.
16. The generational effect refers to
d. the long-lasting impact of significant events on the generation that came of age at that time.
17. Having a college education
a. no longer means that an individual is likely to vote for a particular party.
18. In recent years,
b. professionals with advanced degrees have moved toward the Democrats.
19. The rich tend to be
d. economically conservative and socially liberal.
20. The poor tend to be
c. economically liberal and socially conservative.
21. Jewish voters tend to
d. be more liberal than average on economic and cultural issues.
22. With regard to voting and religion,
a. African American voters strongly support Democrats.
b. evangelicals are both split politically between liberals and conservatives.
c. fundamentalists most often are conservative.
d. church attendance seems to influence voting patterns.
e. all the above.
23. African Americans tend to be
d. somewhat conservative on certain cultural issues such as gay marriage and abortion.
24. Which of the following is an incorrect statement?
e. most African Americans have supported the Republican Party since the 1930s.
25. Which of the following is (are) true?
a. There was little evidence of a gender gap before the 1980s.
b. Men approved of President Reagan's performance more than women did.
c. Women are more likely to support Democratic causes.
d. Women hold different attitudes on a range of issues from men.
e. All the above
26. American women are more likely
c. to support social welfare programs.
27. Currently, which of the following regions are more supportive of the Republicans than the democrats?
c. The South, the Great Plains, and the Rocky Mountain states
28. Which of the following is (are) true?
a. People's attitudes toward a candidate are based more on the candidate's experience and policy than upon emotions, such as trust, about the candidate.
b. Economic concerns have been among the most powerful influences on public opinionc. Issues make little difference on presidential and congressional elections.
d. Economic issues were not that important in the 2008 elections.
e. None of the above
29. Why did the Literary Digest incorrectly predict that Alf Landon would defeat Franklin Roosevelt in the presidential election of 1936?
c. The Literary Digest only polled its subscribers, who were more affluent than the average American and thus more antagonistic toward Roosevelt's policies.
30. Modern polling was developed
b. in the 1930s by George Gallup and Elmo Roper.
31. A random sample means that
a. every person in the target population has an equal chance of being selected.
32. The survey where researchers first decide how many persons of certain types they need and then send out interviewers to find the necessary number of those types is
a. quota sampling.
33. Usually, the Gallup or Roper polls interview
b. about 1,500 people in a nationwide sample.
34. The phenomenon of certain attitudes occurring at certain chronological ages is known as
e. the lifestyle effect.
35. In opinion polling, a difference between the sample's results and the true result may occur if
a. the respondents were not chosen correctly.
b. there was an inaccurate sampling.
c. respondents were interviewed only by using the telephone.
d. all the above.
36. The answers given by respondents to poll questions are influenced by all of the following except
d. compensation offered to the respondents.
37. All of the following are true of self-selection sample except that
b. polls that use self-selected respondent have as accurate samples as those using other methods.
38. Respondents are given misleading information in the questions they are asked in order to persuade them to vote against a candidate in
d. push polls.
39. Push polls
e. are now used throughout all levels of U.S. politics—local, state, and federal.
40. All of the following are true about technology and opinion polls except that
c. the media are careful to disregard non-scientific polls and to report on only scientifically conducted surveys.
41. Which of the following is true?
e. Cell phone numbers are not included in random digit dialing programs or listed in telephone directories, limiting the ability of telephone polls to reach many people.
42. Public opinion affects the political process
a. because it is a source of power for elected officials who take positions supported by the people.
43. American political culture
a. can be described as a set of attitudes and ideas about the nation and government.
b. consists of symbols such as the American flag, the Liberty Bell, and the Statue of Liberty.
c. provides support for the political system.
d. all of the above
44. The values that shape American political culture include all of the following except
e. government control of the economy.
45. The degree to which individuals express trust in the government is called
b. political trust.
46. Since the early 1990s the American people have consistently shown more confidence in ____ than any other institution.
a. the military
47. All are true of public opinion and polls except that
b. in 2008 and 2009 polls showed that "most important problem" in the U.S. was the economy and unemployment
48. Which is (are) true of health care reform?
c. Health care reform is an example of how public opinion polling is limited in influencing policy-making.
49. When most national polling organizations conduct a scientific poll, they usually
a. ask questions of a random sample of 1,000 potential voters.
50. Determining which public policy questions will be debated or considered is known as
d. agenda setting.
51. All of the following are true of public opinion polls except that
d. polls that consist of shopping mall interviews may produce inaccurate results.