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ID Final Quiz
Terms in this set (94)
What can also be called form?
What is more specific? Shape or Form?
Refers to the visual organization of a work, including color, texture and composition
This relationship allows us to recognize borders and boundaries
An object or foreground element ?
The space or volume between figures or forms?
Both figure AND ground?
The main shape or subject depicted in a picture?
Positive Shapes (Figure)
The space in which this figure or positive shape is placed?
What is the arrangement of shapes?
Two dimensional design (Composition)
Color, texture and value are important to what?
Words to describe 3-D works?
Volume and Mass
Pictures have ___
Sculptures have ___
Shows nature and life true to what it is? It's concerned with actual real appearances
Distorts to create the perfect or 'ideal' form. Recurrent theme in art and society
Governments often use idealized images to promote their political system. This is called ___
A simplification of natural shapes to their basic character
The subject is reduced to basic geometric yet recognizable shapes
Abstract shapes that allude to natural, organic forms such as plants or the human form
The repetition of a design motif
Creating an allover pattern
Can actually be felt
Two categories of artistic texture
Can be observed, not touched
Which early artist used actual paint texture on his canvases?
A surface that gives the illusion that texture exists in reality is __
Usually flat and smooth
Creating a design by cutting and pasting bits of cloth, textured and colored paper and other materials
Define: Trompe L'Oeil
French for "To fool the eye"
Can also be defined as "Deceptive Painting"
2 dimensional art such as drawings, paintings and prints which are flat, may strive to create ___ of space or depth
A 2-Dimensional surface is called the
Ways to show Depth:
Plan and Elevation
Two point Perspective
Open Form/ Closed Form
Objects that are close to us are larger. As they recede in space they get smaller
Easiest tool to use. Works best with similar objects
The illusion of depth is increased when you use __
Overlap in combination with change in size
Use of color or value to show depth
Aerial (Atmospheric) Perspective
As parallel lines recede, they appear to converge and to meet on an imaginary line called the horizon, or eye level
All lines go to the one point: the vanishing point on the horizon line.
When was the Two Point Perspective rediscovered and developed
The choice of where to put the horizon line is unlimited; it does not have to be centered
Placing the horizon
Exploring One-Point Perspective
Place one point on the horizon, all lines will then go to this point
No objects are parallel to the picture plane and all edges recede to two points on the horizon line.
More Natural and life like: One or Two point perspectives?
A very special view when the item is pointed directly at the viewer
Gives a dramatic, dynamic quality
May use foreshortening
Pulls the viewer into the picture quickly
When one image or shape is placed next to or in comparison to another image or shape
Looking at a figure or object from more than one vantage point at the same time
Parallel lines remain parallel. They do not recede to a vanishing point
Open and Closed form:
Determines if we see a complete or only a partial view of a scene.
How the image is contained inside the format
The visual example keeps or attention within the picture: This is an example of:
When the picture and the object lead the viewer's eye back into the picture and not led outward
Formal and more structured appearance
Usually contains a complete scene
Often uses shape repetition
When an object either breaks out of the format, or pulls the viewer's eye off the canvas
Creates a casual and informal feeling
Often involves cropping of the human form and a unique point of view
Where we tend to recreate unconsciously in our own bodies the actions we observe
Simply the design term for light and dark
Our ability to determine figure/ground depends on relationships of light and dark
Grays that are mixtures of black and white; no color is used.
The relationship between areas of dark and light
How many different gray variations can we see?
Low Value Contrast
The difference between any two areas next to each other that are slight
Creating Focal Point
An important feature is emphasized by value contrast
High dark and light contrast instantly attracts our attention
Using dots as a medium to create varying shades of gray as an artistic statement
Black and White halftones
Ways to Suggest Motion
Blurred outlines and fast shapes
Lines of force
Grouping Multiple images
Light is made of __
Color is a property of__
Do objects have color of their own?
Black ___ all the wave lengths of the color spectrum
Rarely do we see color by itself, normal it is in ___ with other colors
The 3 properties of color
Hue, Value, Intensity (complementary colors)
Refers to the name of the color
Few, but many colors
Primary colors- how many and what are they
3- Red, Yellow & Blue
Secondary Colors- how many and what are they
3- Orange, Green & Violet
Tertiary colors- how many and how do we get them
6- mixtures of a primary and a secondary color
Lightness or darkness of the hue
Adding white to a hue= high value color
Adding black to a hue= low value color
Yellow- light or dark value?
Light value color
Blue- light or dark value?
Dark value color
Brightness of a color
At full intensity is only when ___ or ____
Pure or Unmixed
2 ways to lower intensity
Mix with gray
Mix with complement
Blue, Green Violet (recess)
Cool colors represent
Sky, Water, Grass, Plants
Red, Orange, Yellow (come forward)
Warm colors represent
Fire, sun, and heat
How can depth be created?
By increasing the use of combinations of warm and cool colors
A simple combination of particular colors based on the color wheel
Also known as color schemes
5 Basic Color Schemes
Uses only one hue plus shades and tints
Several hues that sit next to each other on the color wheel
Colors opposite on the color wheel
Uses the 2 colors on either side of the compliment
Uses 3 hues equally distant on the color wheel
Creates a strong emotional response in the viewer
Warm, happy and cheerful reactions
Yellow, red and orange colors
Cool, melancholy and depressing reactions
Blue and Green colors
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