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80 terms

chapter 8 female reproductive system

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adnexa uteri
fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
amnion
innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
areola
dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.
Bartholin glands
small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice
cervix
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta.
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra.
coitus
sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum
empty orvarion follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow(liteum) body (corpus)
cul-de-sac
region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
embryo
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
endometrium
inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics.
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
fertilization
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
fimbriae
finger or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
gamete
male or female sexual reporductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
genitalia
reproductive organs; aslo called genitals
gonad
female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary and testes
human chorionic gonadotropin (hgc)
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
lactifrous ducts
tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
mammary papilla
nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple- shaped projection.
menarche
beginning of the first menstural period and ability to reproduce
myometrium
muscle layer of the uterus.
neonatology
branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate).
ovarian follicle
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.
ovum
mature egg cell (female gamete). ova develop from immature egg cells called oocytes
ovuation
release of the ovum from the ovary.
parturition
act of giving birth
perineum
in females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries.
placenta
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between the maternal and fetal bloodstream.
progesterone
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.
uterine serosa
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
vagina
muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
vulva
external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
zygote
stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
colp/o - vagin/o
vagina
episi/o - vulv/o
vulva
galact/o - lact/o
milk
hyster/o
uterus, womb
mamm/o - masto
breast
men/o
menses, menstruation
merr/o, metri/o - uter/o
uterus
oophor/o
ovary
o/o - ov/o - ovul/o
egg
perine/o
perineum
phor/o
to bear
salping/o
fallopian tubes
-arche
beginning
-cyesis
pregnancy
-gravida
pregnant
-paroud
bearing, bringing forth
-salpinx
fallopian (uterine) tube
-tocia
labor, birth
-versin
act of turning
nulli-
no, not, none
carcinoma of the cervix
malignant cells within the cervix
pelvic infammatory disease
inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis.
PID
bacterial infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydial, STDs, sexually transmitted diseases.
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix-lining of the cervix not renewed each month-
carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)
malignant tumor of the uterus(adenocarcinoma)
fibrocystic disease
numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
abruptio placentae
premature separation of the implanted placenta
choriocarcinoma
malignant tumor of the placenta
placenta previa
implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
preeclampsia
abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache.
hyaline membrane disease
acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
hydrocephalus
accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
meconium aspiration syndrome
abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn
hysterosalpingography (HSG)
x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
colposcopy
visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
culdocentesis
needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac.
exenteration
removal of internal organs within a cavity
xhorionic villuls sampling
sampling of palacental tissue (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis
hcg HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin test for pregnancy
LH
luteinizing hormone
para 2-0-1-2
woman's reproductive history: 2 full-term infants, 0 preterm,1 abortion, and 2 living childrem