chapter 8 female reproductive system
fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.
small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta.
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra.
sexual intercourse; copulation.
empty orvarion follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow(liteum) body (corpus)
region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics.
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
finger or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
male or female sexual reporductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
reproductive organs; aslo called genitals
female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary and testes
human chorionic gonadotropin (hgc)
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple- shaped projection.
beginning of the first menstural period and ability to reproduce
muscle layer of the uterus.
branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate).
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.
mature egg cell (female gamete). ova develop from immature egg cells called oocytes
release of the ovum from the ovary.
act of giving birth
in females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries.
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between the maternal and fetal bloodstream.
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
colp/o - vagin/o
episi/o - vulv/o
galact/o - lact/o
mamm/o - masto
merr/o, metri/o - uter/o
o/o - ov/o - ovul/o
bearing, bringing forth
fallopian (uterine) tube
act of turning
no, not, none
carcinoma of the cervix
malignant cells within the cervix
pelvic infammatory disease
inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis.
bacterial infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydial, STDs, sexually transmitted diseases.
inflammation of the cervix-lining of the cervix not renewed each month-
carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)
malignant tumor of the uterus(adenocarcinoma)
numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
premature separation of the implanted placenta
malignant tumor of the placenta
implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache.
hyaline membrane disease
acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
meconium aspiration syndrome
abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn
x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac.
removal of internal organs within a cavity
xhorionic villuls sampling
sampling of palacental tissue (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis
human chorionic gonadotropin test for pregnancy
woman's reproductive history: 2 full-term infants, 0 preterm,1 abortion, and 2 living childrem