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Politics of the United States
US History Regents Review Key Supreme Court Cases
Terms in this set (26)
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Worcester v. Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
Scott v. Sanford
The 1857 Supreme Court decision ruling that a slave who had escaped to a free state enjoyed no rights as a citizen and that Congress had no authority to ban slavery in the territories.
Munn v. Illinois
1876; The Supreme Court upheld the Granger laws. The Munn case allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads, and is commonly regarded as a milestone in the growth of federal government regulation.
Wabash v. Illinois
1886 - Stated that individual states could control trade in their states, but could not regulate railroads coming through them. Congress had exclusive jurisdiction over interstate commerce.
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Standard Oil v. United States
a court case were the Supreme court found the standard oil company guilty of monopolizing the petroleum industry through a series of abusive actions.
Schenck v. United States
Supreme court decides that any actions taken that present a "clear and present danger" to the public or government isn't allowed, this can limit free speech
Schechter Poultry Corp v. United States
1935, Congress cannot delegate legislative power over industry codes to the President
United States v. Butler
(1936) This was a Supreme Court case during the New Deal. The case ruled the AAA unconstitutional because of its intrastate tax on the processing of foods
Korematsu v. United States
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivor.
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Mapp v. Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
Baker v. Carr
case that est. one man one vote. this decision created guidelines for drawing up congresional districts and guaranteed a more equitable system of representation to the citizens of each state
Engel v. Vitale
banned formal prayer in schools, goverment whould not make any religion the 'official' religion.
Gideon v. Wainwright
a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption
New York Times Co. v. United States
If the government wishes to censor information before it is printed or published, it must be proven in court that the information will endanger national security.
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
United States v. Nixon
The 1974 case in which the Supreme Court unanimously held that the doctrine of executive priveledge was implicit in the Constitution but could not be extended to protect documents relevant to criminal prosecutions
University of California v. Bakke
The Court held that while affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system based on race is unconstitutional.
New Jersey v. T.L.O.
Supreme court case in which it was decided that a student may be searched if there is "reasonable ground" for doing so.
Clinton v. Jones
Court ruled that President is not immune from civil litigation and the judicial process. Furthermore, court stated that although branches are separate the branches have the right to exercise control over one another.
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