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holiest shrine in Mecca; site of idol worship


the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan


the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace


islamic holy book


the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth

Muhammad's Early Years

Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca,[8][9] he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25.[10] Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40[8][11], in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God

Dome of the Rock

Muslim shrine containing the rock from which Mohammad is believed to have risen to heaven; Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock

Capitals of Umayyad and Abbasid

Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and ali.

Rivals of Islam

Byzantine and Persians

Five Pillars

Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, and The Hajj

Connections of Judaism and Christianity

they both have a lot of Rituals, they also have prayers or a type of ceremoney they go to once a week

House of Wisdom

Combination library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad established in the 800s


a palace and fortress built in Granada by the Muslims in the Middle Ages


led a Muslim army to Spain


beautiful handwriting

Cities of the empire

Alexandria, Athens, Carthage, Constantinople, Damascus. Jerusalem, Antioch

Idolatry and Art

the art created back during the wars

Ibn Sina

The famous Islamic scientist and philosopher who organized the medical knowledge of the Greeks and Arabs into the Canon of Medicine

Muslim Spain (711 and 732)

The Umayyad conquest of Hispania

Muhammad's Early Years

His first change in religious was at a rock made by his grandfather

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