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20 terms

Islam Final

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Kaabah
holiest shrine in Mecca; site of idol worship
Ummah
the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan
Mecca
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
Koran
islamic holy book
caliph
the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
Muhammad's Early Years
Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca,[8][9] he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25.[10] Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40[8][11], in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God
Dome of the Rock
Muslim shrine containing the rock from which Mohammad is believed to have risen to heaven; Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock
Capitals of Umayyad and Abbasid
Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and ali.
Rivals of Islam
Byzantine and Persians
Five Pillars
Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, and The Hajj
Connections of Judaism and Christianity
they both have a lot of Rituals, they also have prayers or a type of ceremoney they go to once a week
House of Wisdom
Combination library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad established in the 800s
Alhambra
a palace and fortress built in Granada by the Muslims in the Middle Ages
Tariq
led a Muslim army to Spain
Calligraphy
beautiful handwriting
Cities of the empire
Alexandria, Athens, Carthage, Constantinople, Damascus. Jerusalem, Antioch
Idolatry and Art
the art created back during the wars
Ibn Sina
The famous Islamic scientist and philosopher who organized the medical knowledge of the Greeks and Arabs into the Canon of Medicine
Muslim Spain (711 and 732)
The Umayyad conquest of Hispania
Muhammad's Early Years
His first change in religious was at a rock made by his grandfather

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