20 terms

Ch 10 Nervous System Vocab #2

delirium tremens
a disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol
a condition characterized by misinterpretation of physical symptoms and fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance
a sensory perception (sight, touch, sound, smell, or taste) experienced in the absence of an external stimulation
a false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary
facitious disorder
individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she isnt not really sick.
a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols; also known as a developmental reading disorder
epidural anesthesia
regional anesthesia produced by injecting a local anesthetic into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine
the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp
the use of ultrasound imaging to diagnose a shift in the midline structures of the brain
a condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli
a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity.
Guillain-Barre syndrome
inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves and is characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that can lead to temporary paralysis
hemorrhagic stroke
occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures; also known as a bleed
ischemic stroke
a type of stroke that occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked
a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy
inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord
a condition in which there is an abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain
dura mater
thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes
inflammation of the brain, can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies