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Prescription and over-the-counter drugs can affect nutritional status because they
may affect appetite or absorption of nutrients
The percentage of energy intake that should be supplied as carbohydrate for older adults is
45% to 65%
It is important that the older adult's diet include adequate carbohydrates to
Support normal brain function
Factors that contribute to malnutrition in older adults include
Loss of teeth or poorly fitting dentures
Dehydration is more common in older adults than in younger adults because
the thirst mechanism diminishes
The average young adult male requires more energy than the average young adult female due to a
Larger size body
Older adults need more vitamin D than young adults because they
are less efficient at making their own
Babies should not be put to sleep with a bottle of formula because
this could lead to early tooth decay
Cow's mild is not recommended for infants during the early months because
it has a high solute load and may cause gestrointestinal bleeding
Food intake may decrease after the first year of life and caloric need is not as great because
The growth rate slows down
Which of the following is a valid reason for breastfeeding rather than bottle-feeding?
breastfeeding helps pretect infants against infection
Parents who use natural foods should be advised to
Avoid giving honey to a child younger than 1 year old
Three minerals that should be increased significantly during pregnancy are
Calcium, iron, and iodine
The B-complex vitamins are required in greater amounts during pregnancy because
Metabolic activities increase
It is important to increase daily intake of vitamin C during pregnancy because it
is an important element in tissue growth
It is recommended that a woman drink 3 to 4 cups of milk a day during pregnancy because it is a good source of
Constipation during pregnancy is often caused by
Placental hormones that cause intestinal muscles to relax
The finding of glycosuria during a routine laboratory test may suggest that the woman has
Nutrition counselors should encourage pregnant teenagers to
eat foods from all basic five food groups
The two minerals that occur in the extracellular fluid and regulate water balance are
sodium and chloride
The kidneys must excrete water in the urine because
water prevides the vehicle for excretion of water waste products
Plasma proteins, glucose, electrolytes, and sodium are examples of solutes
found in body fluids that influence movement of water
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