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Medical Terminology Basic Ch 5
The Gastrointestinal System
Digestive system or Alimentary cal
Is a contineous tube beginning with the mouth and ending at the anus.
Liver, gallbladder, and the pancreas
The accessory organs of the Gastrointestinal system.
Is the inflammation of the mouth.
Stomatalgia or Stomatodynia
Is the pain in the mouth.
Is suture of the mouth.
Is a combining form of the mouth.
Is a suffix meaning inflammation.
-algia or -dynia
Is a suffix meaning pain.
Is a suffix meaning suture.
Is a suffix used to indicate a disease state.
Refers to any disease of the mouth.
Is a suffix meaning surgical repair (plastic surgery).
Is a medical term meaning surgical repair of the mouth.
Is a combining form meaning palate, which is the roof of the mouth.
Is a medical term meaning surgical repair of the mouth.
Is a surgical removal of the gum tissue.
Is a combining form meaning gum.
Is a suffix meaning excision.
Is a word root meaning salivary glands.
Is the combining form meaning salivary glands.
Means salivary stone.
Is a root word meaning stone
Is a suffix meaning stone.
Is difficulty in swallowing or eating.
Is a prefix meaning difficult.
Is a suffix meaning swallowing or eating.
dent/o or odont/o
Is a combining word meaning teeth.
Is a suffix referring to one who specializes in.
Means poorly aligned teeth.
Used in dentistry, means alignment.
Is a term for toothache.
Refers to the inflammation of the teeth.
Refers to adding teeth or replacing some or all of the teeth.
Is a combining form meaning teeth.
Is the condition of having a fewer than the normal number of teeth.
Is a combining form meaning teeth.
gloss/o or lingu/o
Is a combining form meaning tongue.
Glossalgia or Glossodynia
Means pain in the tongue.
Means the inflammation of the tongue.
sub- / -hypo
Is a prefix and suffix meaning beneath, below or under.
Is a prefix meaning tumor.
Is a suffix meaning incision in.
Means suture of the tongue.
Means tumor of the tongue.
Means incision in the tongue.
Is a medical term meaning disease of the tongue.
Is a suffix meaning paralysis.
Medical term meaning paralysis of the tongue.
Sublingual or Hypoglossal
Means under the tongue.
Is a suffix meaning condition of.
Medical term referring to any condition of the tongue.
Medical term meaning to any disease of the tongue.
Is a suffix meaning an instrument used to examine an object.
Medical term meaning an instrument for examining the tongue.
Is a combining form meaning lips.
Medical term meaning any condition of the lips.
Medical term meaning any disease of the lips.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the lips.
Medical term meaning incision of the lips.
Medical term meaning plastic repair of the lips.
Meaning plastic surgery of the lips and mouth.
Means pertaining to the cheek.
Is word root meaning cheek.
Is a combining form meaning throat.
Is herniation of the throat.
Is a suffix meaning herniation.
Pharyngalgia or Pharyngodynia
Medical term meaning pain in the throat.
Medical term meaning paralysis of the pharyngeal or throat muscles.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the throat.
Medical term meaning excision of the throat.
The pharynx is separated from the mouth by the soft palate, which has a V-shaped extension called:
Is the passage extending from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach.
Is a combining form meaning esophagus.
Is narrowing of the esophagus.
Is a suffix meaning the condition of narrowing.
Esophagodynia or Esophagalia
Medical terms meaning pain in the esophagus.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the esophagus
Medical term meaning herniation of the esophagus.
Is the root word meaning stomach.
Is the combining form meaning stomach.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the stomach.
Is the inflammation of the stomach and small intestines.
Is the combining form meaning small intestine.
Is the combining form meaning stomach and small intestines.
Is inflammation of the stomach, small intestine, and colon.
Medical term meaning instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
Is a combining form meaning duodenum.
Refers to inflammation of the stomach and duodenum.
Medical term meaning excision of part or all of the stomach.
Is a surgical procedure to make an opening between the stomach and jejunum.
Is a combining form meaning jejunum.
Is a opening or mouth.
Is a suffix referring to a surgical procedure to create a opening or mouth.
Is the surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall of into the stomach.
Gastrodynia or Gastralgia
Medical terms meaning pain in the stomach.
Is a tumor in the stomach.
Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
Three parts of the small intestine.
Is the combining form meaning ileum.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the duodenum.
Medical term meaning excision of part of the ileum.
Medical term meaning incision into the jejunum.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the small intestine.
Is a compound word meaning liver and duodenum or affecting the liver and duodenum.
Is a combining form meaning liver.
Medical term meaning suture of the jejunum.
Means pertaining to the ileum and the rectum.
Is a combining form meaning rectum.
Medical term meaning creation of an artificial opening into the ileum.
Is a hernia of the intestine and bladder.
Is a combining form meaning bladder.
Is a falling, or downward displacement, of intestines.
Is a suffix meaning prolapse, dropping, or falling.
Is the combining form meaning cecum.
Is the first part of the large intestine.
Means pertaining to the ileum and cecum.
Is the part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.
The curve part of the descending colon is called:
Is a small structure near the juncture of the ileum and cecum.
colon/o and col/o
Is the combining form meaning large intestine.
Colonitis or Colitis
Inflammation of the colon.
refers to any disease of the colon.
Is a suffix meaning hemorrhage.
Is hemorrhage from the colon.
Is the creation of an artificial opening in the large intestine.
Is the creation of an opening between the cecum and ileum.
Is a combining from meaning cecum and ileum.
Is a surgical excision or removal of the sigmoid colon.
Is a combining form meaning sigmoid colon.
Is the inflammation of the ileum and colon.
Means pertaining to the opening of the rectum.
Is a word root referring to the opening to the outside from the rectum.
Is a combining form meaning anus.
Is a combining from meaning rectum.
Is a branch of medicine concerned with disorder of the rectum and anus.
Is a combining form referring with disorder of the rectum and anus.
Medical term meaning a physician who specializes in proctology.
Is the viewing of the sigmoid colon with an instrument.
Is a pouch in the muscle wall of the colon.
Is a combining form meaning diverticulum or diverticula.
Medical term meaning excision of the diverticulum.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the diverticulum.
Is a surgical repair of the rectum.
Medical term meaning an instrument used for visual examination of the rectum.
Medical term meaning visual examination of the rectum with a instrument.
Is a suffix referring to the use of an instrument to view.
Is a hernia of the rectum.
Medical term meaning prolapse of the rectum.
Medical term meaning surgical repair of the anus.
Is a surgical removal of hemorrhoids.
Is a word root meaning an enlarged varicose vein in the mucous membrane just outside the rectum.
Is surgical removal of hemorrhoids.
Is excision or removal of the appendix.
Is a root word meaning appendix.
Is a combining form meaning appendix.
Medical term meaning pain in the rectum.
Is a surgical intervention to correct or ''fix'' the colon in place.
Is a suffix meaning fixation.
Is a combining form meaning pancreas.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the pancreas.
Medical term meaning removal of all part of the pancreas.
Medical term meaning pertaining to the pancreas.
Is disease of the pancreas.
Is a suffix meaning enlarge.
Is a suffix meaning softening.
Medical term meaning enlargement of the liver.
Medical term meaning softening of the liver.
Is a surgical incision of the liver.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the liver.
Is tumor of the liver.
Is a combining form meaning yellow.
Medical term meaning abnormal yellow condition.
Excessive bilirubin in the blood as a result of liver dysfunction is called:
Is a prefix meaning excessive or over.
Is a suffix meaning blood.
Is a combining form meaning gall / bile.
Is a suffix meaning fluid-filled sac or bladder.
Is a combining form meaning gallbladder.
Medical term meaning inflammation of the gallbladder.
Is the condition of having gallstones.
Medical term meaning removal of the gallbladder.
Is excessive secretion of bile.
Is a prefix meaning over or increased amount.
Is an abnormal deposit of cholesterol in the gallbladder.
Is a root word for a special fat chemical.
Is combining form meaning cholesterol.
Is blood in the bile or gall.
Is a combining form meaning pertaining to the biliary system.
Is responsible for the metabolism and physiology of bile substances manufactured by the gallbladder.
Is a tumor of the vile vessel.
Is a combining form meaning vessel.
Is incision into the bile duct for removal of gallstones
Is a combining form meaning bile ducts.
Is the lining of the abdominal cavity.
Is a combining form meaning peritoneum.
Means pertaining to the peritoneum.
Medical term meaning pertaining to the abdomen.
Is a surgical puncture of the abdomen.
Is a combining form meaning abdomen.
Is a suffix meaning puncture.
Is a prefix meaning slow.
Is a suffix meaning digestion.
Medical term meaning slow digestion.
Is prefix meaning difficult.
Medical term meaning difficult digestion.
Is a suffix meaning swallowing.
Medical term meaning difficult in swallowing.
Is a prefix meaning no or none.
Medical term meaning without digestion.
Medical term meaning inability to swallow.
Means after meals.
Is a prefix meaning after.
Is a suffix meaning pertaining to a meal.
Twice a day
glucose tolerance test
hepatitis A virus
irritable bowel syndrome
lower esophageal sphincter
liver function test
nausea and vomiting
nothing by mouth
after meals (post cibum)
postprandial blood sugar
small bowel follow-through
S & D
stomach and duodenum
upper gastrointestinal series