Only use this method when the primary patterns do not apply.
1. Identify all claims from facts (which can be proven).
A) predict the future - will, should, can be expected to, could result in, are likely to
B) subjective opinion - anything that cannot be proven
C) cause & effect - if...then, as a result of, because of, since, so
If you find only 1 claim, that is the conclusion. If you find more than 1 claim, go to step 2.
2. Use the "Therefore" test.
If you have two claims X & Y, ask yourself which leads to the other.
A) "X, therefore Y". If this works, Y is the conclusion.
B) "Y, therefore X". If this works, X is the conclusion.
The deduction that takes place last logically in the sequence of events is the conclusion.
Other words to use: so, thus, as a result
- Always, only, all >> insert not necessarily or sometimes... Not
- Never, none, not one, not once >> at least one, at least once
- Some, a few, several >> no, none
- Sometimes, on occasion, often >> never
- At least, at most, more than, less than >> change to the mathematically opposite term
- Best, worst, greatest, smallest, highest >> not necessarily
When in doubt of how to negate, use "not necessarily."