18 terms

History - Chapter 7

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Battle of Saratoga
(1777) Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, and ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River.
Battle of Yorktown
(1781) Last major battle of the Revolution. With the help of France's navy, Washington's army surrounded and forced the surrender of a large British army commanded by General Charles Cornwallis.
Continental Army
An army with soldiers from all 13 colonies commanded by George Washington.
Treaty of Paris
(1783) Treaty that ended the American Revolution: Britain recognized Americas Independence, gave all lands up to the Mississippi River to America, and returned Florida to Spain.
Valley Forge
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, 1 out of 4 troops died here from disease and hunger, Von Steuben comes and trains The continental Army to fight as a well trained army. Washington's leadership through this difficult time gains the respect of all his soldiers.
James Armistead
African American Patriot who spied for the Americans during the American Revolution.
Benidict Arnold
Colonel in Continental Army and good soldier (helped conquer Fort Ticonderoga) who betrayed the Patriots and helped Britain.
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes by having his men yell loudly to make the British think he had more men than he did. This helped America regain control over the Ohio River Valley.
Charles Cornwallis
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown in 1781, ending the American Revolution.
Nathan Hale
A teacher and soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British, famous quote: "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country"
Mary Ludwig Hayes
Nickname "Molly Pitcher" in the American Revolution; , carried water to American soldiers , while her husband was injured she took his place in loading cannons.
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution, " I have not yet begun to fight."
General Washington
Appointed by the Second Continental Congress as leader of the Continental Army in 1775. His ability to learn under pressure and refusal to accept defeat kept an American army in the field. At the Battle of Yorktown in 1781 with French troop and naval support, he was able to entrap the British troops and force surrender. At the end of the war in 1783, he was the most famous man in America.
mercenary
A professional soldier hired by a foreign army.
Fort Ticonderoga
83 men, lead by Ethan Allen, went to this fort at night and demanded they surrender (which the British did) and the Americans took the cannons all the way back to Boston.
Battle of Lexington & Concord
First two battles (skirmishes) of the American Revolution. They took place in Massachusetts and the colonist were able to push back the British forces.
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolution. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition.
Ethan Allen
A Vermont blacksmith. Led the Green Mountain Boys in a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga. Won the Fort, and a valuable supply of cannons and gun powder, and control of a key route into Canada.