Create an account
What fundamental issues of development have scholars addressed throughout history?
Nature vs. Nurture
continuity vs. discontinuity
universal vs. context-specific development
What is continuity vs. discontinuity?
is development a smooth transition or is it a series of abrupt shifts
What is Universal vs. Context specific Development?
is there just one path of development or several
What are the basic forces in the biopsychosocial framework?
Biological Forces, Psychological forces, Sociocultural forces, and Life-cycle forces
What was Eriksons theory?
personality developement is determined by the interaction of an internal plan and external societal demands
What were Erikson's eight stages?
1. Basic trust vs. mistrust 2. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt 3. Initiative vs. guilt 4. Industry vs. inferiority 5. Identity vs. identity confusion 6. Intimacy vs. isolation 7. Generativity vs. stagnation 8. Integrity vs. despair
What were Piaget's four stages?
1. Sensorimotor 2. Preoperational Thinking 3. Concrete operational thought 4. Formal operational thought
How do psychodynamic theories account for development?
behavior is determined by the way people deal with conflicts at different ages
What is operant conditioning?
based on reinforcement, punishment, and environmental control of behavior
How do cognitive-developmental theories explain changes in thinking?
People deal with information like a computer does
What are the main points in the ecological and systems approach?
there is a best-fit between a person's abilities and the demands placed on that person by the environment
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together