44 terms

APUSH Presidents Review

STUDY
PLAY
George Washington (1789-1797)
Proved the Constitution through the Whiskey Rebellion; signed and approved the First Bank of the U.S; Judiciary Act of 1789; Tariff of 1789; Jay Treaty; Pinckney Treaty; Farewell Address (Avoiding political parties and permanent alliance); Leaned toward Federalists
John Adams (1797-1801)
The only Federalist President; had issues with France in the XYZ Affair; made political enemies with the Alien and Sedition Acts resulting in the Virgina and Kentucky Resolutions; Midnight Judges
Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)
Democratic-Republican; Louisiana Purchase; love yeoman farmers, but not Barbary Pirates; had to deal witht he Federalist Supreme Court/John Marshall which gave us Marbury v. Madison and judicial review; Embargo Act of 1807 and Non-Intercourse act of 1809
James Madison (1809-1817)
Democratic-Republican; impressment, Macon's Bill No.2; War Hawks made deal with the War of 1812, but grew nationalism
James Monroe (1817-1825)
Democratic-Republican; Era of Good Feelings; Missouri Compromise; Monroe Doctrine; got Florida from Spain
John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)
Democratic-Republican, but a National Republican by heart; Election of 1824 and Corrupt Bargain against Andrew Jackson; Tariff of Abominations
Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)
Democrat; love states' rights; inspired the common man and universal male suffrage; Trial of Tears; hated the BUS and got us into the Panic of 1837 through Specie Circular and pet banks; had to deal with the Tariff of Abominations and the Nullification Crisis against John C. Calhoun
Martin Van Buren (1837-1841)
Democrat; suffered from the Panic of 1837 and depression (thanks to Jackson)
William Henry Harrison (1841)
First Whig; dead
John Tyler (1841-1845)
Whig, but act like a Democrat; approved the Webster Ashburton Treaty to cool off Britain on northern border
James K. Polk (1845-1849)
Democrat; love Manifest Destiny and expansion; lobbied for Texas annexation; got Oregon and defeated Mexico in the Mexican American War to get Mexican Cession
Zachary Talyor (1849-1850)
Whig; owned slaves; died in office
Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)
Whig; the Compromise of 1850
Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)
Democrat; made a mess of things with sectionalism and slavery with the Gadsden Purchase; Ostend Manifesto; Kansas-Nebraska Act; did nothing about Bleeding Kansas
James Buchanan (1857-1861)
Democrat, elected into office because he didn't stir trouble; Dred Scott case; endorsed the Lecomption Constitution and Crittenden Compromise which was pro-slavery just so I wouldn't ahve to deal with slavery but they failed
Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)
Republican; Civil War, want to preserve the union and handled the border states; Emancipation Proclamation; Gettysburg Address; Second Inaugural Address; passed the Homestead Act and Morrill Land Grant Act
Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)
Democrat and a white supremacists; had to deal with Radical Republicans for Reconstruction plan; almost got removed from office due to the Tenure Office Act
Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877)
Republican; went along with Radical Republicans and their Radical Reconstitution; first Transcontinental Railroad was built; had to deal with the Panic of 1973; corrupt administration
Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881)
Republican; Hayes-Tilden tied election results; took federal troops out of the South; ended radical reconstruction; helped develop the South infrastructure; let the Democrats regain power in the South
James A. Garfield (1881)
Republican; shot by a disgruntled federal employee
Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885)
Republican; approved the Pendleton Act
Grover Cleveland (1885-1889)
Democrat; Gilded Age big businesses cause problems leading to Interstate Commerce Commission, labor unions and strikes and Granger Movement
Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)
Republican; monopolies in trouble with Sherman Anti-Trust Act; Populists make a fuss and give us Democratic ideas, Sherman Silver Purchase Act and McKinley Tariff
Grover Cleveland (1893
-1897)
He's back; Panic of 1893; problems escalate with strikes and unions
William McKinley (1897-1901)
Imperialism with the Spanish-American War; Open Door Policy to China; Boxer Rebellion; shot by an anarchist
Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1908)
Republican; Progressive president; Square Deal; trust-busting; arbitrated coal strike; Hepburn Act; Pure Food and Drug Act; Meat Inspection act; and conservation of the nature; manhandled the world with Big Stick policy and Roosevelt Corollary
William Howard Taft (1909-1913)
Republican; all about business with Dollar Diplomacy; Paine-Aldrich Tariff
Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
Democrat; Federal Trade Commission, Federal Reserve; Clayton Anti-Trust Act; 16th Amendment income tax; 17th Amendment direct elect Senators; 18th Amendment Prohibition; 19th Amendment women suffrage; had to deal with WWI
Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)
Republican; want a Return to Mormalcy; like peace with the Washington Conference; love business with the Fordney-McCumber Tariff; fail with Teapot Dome Scandal
Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
Republican; business of America is Business; peace and neutrality with the Kellogg0-Briand Pact; stop immigrants with National Origins Act
Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
Republican and love business; crash in 1929, made it worse by signing Hawley-Smoot Tariff; Bonus March
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945)
Democrat; President almost forever; New Deal Programs during the Great Depression ((AAA, NIRA, FDIC, TVA, CCC, Social Security, Wagner Act)
Harry S. Truman (1945-1953)
Democrat; ended WWII with the atomic bombs; Fair Deal; desegregate the federal government and military; Taft-Harley Act messed up unions; want to contain communism with Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift, NATO and Korea
Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961)
Republican; develop nation with pro-business policies and the Inter4state Highway Act; Brown v. Board of Education; fails with containment but prefer brinkmanship
John F. Kennedy (1961-1963)
Democrat; propose the New Frontier and Alliance for Progress; fail with Bay of Pigs, but redeem with Cuban Missile Crisis; got shot by Oswald
Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969)
Democrat; Great Society; civil rights acts, Medicare/Medicaid; education funding and reform; war on poverty; epic fail with Vietnam
Richard Nixon (1969-1974)
Republican; New Federalism backs off the federal government; set up EPA and finalize integration; open up China and Russia with detente; Vietnamization; economy starts stagflation; Watergate scandal
Gerald Ford (1974-1977)
Republican; pardoned Nixon; energy crisis
Jimmy Carter (1977- 1981)
democrat; more energy crisis and more stagflation. Foreign policy fails with Iran and Panama Canal treaties. Foreign policy wins with Camp David Accords.
Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
Republican; expand Republican Party with Christian conservatives; love supply-side economics; Less government and more deregulation; take on communism with Grenada and put pressure on Gorbachev; Iran-Contra Affair
George H.W. Bush (1989-1993)
Republican. Cold War ends for me. I manhandle Iraq. Economy hurts my chances for election.
Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
Democrat. The economy rocks during my administration. I sign NAFTA. Republicans take over Congress and give me trouble about an intern.
George W. Bush (2001-2009)
Republican. I barely won the election. 9/11 let me attack Afghanistan and Iraq.
Barack Obama (2009-2015)
Democrat. I promised change and got a healthcare plan through
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