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10 terms

Chemistry Chapter 15: Lipids

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monounsaturated fatty acids
fatty acids with one double bond
steroids
types of lipid composed of a multicyclic ring system
cholesterol
the most prevalent of the steroid compounds; needed for cellular membranes, the synthesis of vitamin D, hormones, and bile salts
polyunsaturated fatty acids
fatty acids that contain two or more double bonds
hydrogenation
the addition of hydrogen to unsaturated fats
saturated fatty acids
fatty acids that have no double bonds, they have higher melting points than unsaturated lipids, and are usually solid at room temperature
oil
a triacylglycerol obtained from a plant source; usually liquid at room temperature
lipids
a family of compounds that is nonpolar in nature and not soluble in water, includes fatty acids, prostaglandins, waxes, triacylglycerols, glycerophospholipids, and steroids
fat
a triacylglycerol obtained from an animal source; usually a solid at room temperature
fatty acids
long chain carboxylic acids found in many lipids