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20 terms

Study Set for the Leg branch

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Franking Privilege
Benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage free
Constituency
The people and interests that an elected official represents
Inherent Powers
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated of the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community
Bankruptcy
The legal proceeding by which a bankrupt person's assets are distributed among those to whom he or she owns debts
Impeach
To bring formal charges against a public official; the House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach civil officers of the United States
Indirect Tax
A tax levied on one party but passed on to another for payment
Filibuster
Various tactics (usually long speeches( aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote; associated with the U.S. Senate
Discharge Petition
A procedure enabling members to force a bill that has been pigeonholed in committee onto the floor for consideration
Gerrymander
The practice of drawing electoral district lines (the boundaries of the geographic area from which a candidate is elected to a public office in order to limit the voting strength of a particular group or party.
Expressed Powers
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution. Also called the enumerated powers.
Strict/Liberal Constructionist
One who argues a narrow interpretation of the Constitution's provisions, in particular those granting powers to the Federal Government
Copyright
The exclusive, legal, right of a person to reproduce, publish, and sell his or her own literary, musical or artistic creations.
commerce power
Exclusive power of Congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade
party caucus
The member of the U.S. Senate or of the upper house of a state's legislature, chosen to preside in the absence of the president of the Senate
quorum
Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
Implied Powers
Those delegated powers of the National government that are suggested by the expressed powers out in the Constitution, those necessary and proper to carry out the expressed powers.
Legal Tender
Any kind of money that a creditor, must, by law, accept in payment for debts
Direct Tax
A tax that must be paid by the person on whom it is levied
Rider
Unpopular provision added to an important bill certain to pass so that it will "ride" through the legislative process
Resolution
A measure relating to the business of either house, or expressing an opinion; does not have the force of law and does not require the President's signature