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What is classical conditioning?
a neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response
What did Lashley conclude?
Memory is not localized anywhere in the brain, but it is widely distributed throughout the cortex.
What did H.M suffer from post surgery?
He suffered from mild retrograde amnesia, and severe anterograde amnesia.
What are the five tests that H.M underwent?
Digit Span + 1 Test
Block Tapping Memory Span Test
Rotary Pursuit Test
Incomplete Pictures Test
Post-mortem observation of R.B showed that he had damaged to what?
CA1 pyramidal cells of the hippocampus
Initially people with Korsakoff syndrome suffer from..
initial anterograde amnesia for explicit episodic memories
Duration of a coma is
a short time after a severe blow to the head, it usually lasts a few seconds or minutes, but in severe cases it can last weeks
Episodic memory components are lost when prefrontal cortex is damaged
- Deficits in memory for temporal order of events
-Deficits in working memory
Thus: difficulty performing tasks that involve a series of responses
What do rats use to complete the radial arm maze and morris water maze?
spatial cues from the room as reference
Gradients of retrograde amnesia after concussion seem to provide evidence for...
Hebb's idea of neural basis of learning and memory
Changes in the efficiency of synaptic transmission may be the basis of long-term memory
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