20 terms

Immigration & Migration

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Manifest Destiny
A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific.
Louisiana Purchase
..., The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
Missouri Compromise
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Mexican-American War
1846 - 1848 - President Polk declared war on Mexico over the dispute of land in Texas. At the end, American ended up with 55% of Mexico's land.
Mexican Cession
A historical name for the present day southwestern U.S. that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in 1848. The U.S. had actually taken control of the area in 1864, early in the Mexican-American War. Mexico acknowledged the losses in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
Urbanization
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
Great Migration
Movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Old Immigration
Immigrants from Northwest Europe arriving in the EARLY 1800s
New Immigration
During the half century from 1871 to 1921, most immigrants came from southern and eastern Europe: Italy, Greece, Poland, Russia, and present-day Hungary and Yugoslavia; as well as Asia (China and Japan).
Nativism
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Gentleman's Agreement
an informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate. American workers felt threatened by the job competition.
Melting Pot
the mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called a melting pot.
Salad Bowl
a theory that implies that each ethnic group should be encouraged to practice its own native customs. Immigrants should keep their separate language and culture while adapting to the ways of the majority of Americans.
Assimilation
The process by which a minority group abandons its own culture and adopts the cultural practices of the dominant group in society
Suburb
A residential district located on the outskirts of a city
Interstate Highway Act
1950s plan to build 41,000 mi of highway; met the need of suburban growth and was a means to transport missiles
White Flight
50's movement where middle-class white Americans fled to suburbs leaving inner cities to decay
Dust Bowl
drought ruined Great Plains crops. bad farming practices and high winds blew away millions of tons of dry topsoil and turned farms into dust
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