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Elements of a Novel or Short Story and Figurative Language Vocabulary

Vocabulary for Mrs. Waite's Pre-Ap Language Class 2011
STUDY
PLAY
Plot
The events that happen in the story.
Conflict
The problem in the story.
Setting
The story's time and place.
Characters
The actors in the story, usually people.
Climax
The story's most intnese or suspenseful part
Resolution
The final outcome of the story... the ending.
Point of View
Lets you know who the storyteller or narrator is- Examples are first person, third person, and omniscient.
Theme
The main message the author wants to twll readers.
Author's Purpose
The reason the author wrote the piece- Authors write to entertain,inform, or persuade readers
Tone
The attitude of the speaker or narrator
Mood
The general sense or feeling which the reader is supposed to get from the text.
Simile
A comparison of two dissimilar things using "like" or "as"- Example "my love is like a red, red rose".
Metaphor
A comparison of two dissimilar things which does not use "like" or "as"- Example "my love is a red, red rose".
Personification
Treating abstractions or inanimate objects as human, that is, giving them human attributes, powers, or feelings- Example "nature wept" or "the wind whispered many truths to me".
Hyperbole
Exaggeration, often extravagant; it may be used for seriious or for comic effect.
Apostrophe
A direct address to a person, thing, or abstraction, such as "O Western Wing," or "Ah, Sorrow, you consume us." Apostrophes are generally capitalized.
Onomatopoeia
A word whose sounds seem to duplicate the sounds they describe- Examples "hiss, buzz, bang, murmur, meow, growl".
Oxymoron
A statement with two parts which seem contradictory; examples: sad joy, a wise fool, the sound of silence, or Hamlet's saying, "I must be cruel only to be kind".