personal liberty laws
in response to the Fugitive Slave Laws that were passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves
political movement of the 1840s that opposed the expansion of slavery in order to allow white farmers to settle in western territories
The 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico. It later joined the United States.
54 40 or fight
slogan of those wanting to take all of Oregon; numbers (54 40') was line of latitude where people wanted Oregon border; did not want compromise of 49th parallel, as was done by President Polk.
the attempt to buy cuba from spain but failed because north didn't want another slave state
proposed by david wilmont that would ban slavery in the new territory gained from Mexico
treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
ended American-Mexican War, gained Mexican Cesssian and later the Gadsden purchase for railroads
compromise of 1850
included CA as free state, abolish slave trade in DC, $10 mil to TX, tougher Fugitive Slave Act, popular sovereignty in UT and NM
stephen a douglas
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and helped make the idea of popular sovereignty famous
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
dred scott decision
court decision by Roger Taney that ruled that slaves were property and antislavery laws (Missouri Compromise) were unconstitutional