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personal liberty laws

in response to the Fugitive Slave Laws that were passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves


political movement of the 1840s that opposed the expansion of slavery in order to allow white farmers to settle in western territories

texas revolution

The 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico. It later joined the United States.

mexican war

War between Mexicans and Americans over the annexation of Texas

54 40 or fight

slogan of those wanting to take all of Oregon; numbers (54 40') was line of latitude where people wanted Oregon border; did not want compromise of 49th parallel, as was done by President Polk.

ostend manifesto

the attempt to buy cuba from spain but failed because north didn't want another slave state

bear flag revolt

a revolt led by John C. Fremont for the conquest of California

wilmont proviso

proposed by david wilmont that would ban slavery in the new territory gained from Mexico

treaty of guadalupe hidalgo

ended American-Mexican War, gained Mexican Cesssian and later the Gadsden purchase for railroads

compromise of 1850

included CA as free state, abolish slave trade in DC, $10 mil to TX, tougher Fugitive Slave Act, popular sovereignty in UT and NM

stephen a douglas

Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and helped make the idea of popular sovereignty famous

gadsden purchase

$10 mil purchase of southern parts of AZ and NM for railroad construction

bleeding kansas

A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.

pottawatomie massacre

John Brown and 6 followers murdered 5 pro-slavery settlers in KS area

republican party

formed in 1854 in response to KS-NB act ending Whig party

dred scott decision

court decision by Roger Taney that ruled that slaves were property and antislavery laws (Missouri Compromise) were unconstitutional

gag rules

rules in congress that any northerner posting anything about slavery in congress wasn't allowed

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