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APUSH Chapter 41 Key Terms
Terms in this set (37)
weapons of mass destruction (WMD)
Biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons that can cause a massive number of deaths in a single use.
Democratic Leadership Council
A form of leadership in which the leader solicits input from subordinates.
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell"
the policy in the US military for homosexuals who served. No one would ask your sexuality but if you were outwardly homosexual and engaging in homosexual activities you would be discharged.
Oklahoma City bombing
Bombing of Murrah Federal Building. The blast, set off by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, killed 168 people, including 19 children in the building's day-care center.
Contract with America
In the 1994 congressional elections, Congressman Newt Gingrich had Republican candidates sign a document in which they pledged their support for such things as a balanced budget amendment, term limits for members of Congress, and a middle-class tax cut.
Welfare Reform Bill
Signed by Clinton in 1995 and it replaced a restriction under which you could collect welfare if you could prove that you were looking for a job. They also limited the months in which you could collect the welfare.
North American Free Trade Agreement
An economic pact that combined the economies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico into one of the world's largest trading blocs.
World Trade Organization
Administers the rules governing trade between its 144 members. Helps producers, importers, and exporters conduct their business and ensure that trade flows smoothly.
Real estate venture gone wrong from which the Clintons both received special treatment, one of his critics attempts to discredit the president morally.
Perjury against a grand jury and obstruction of justice were reasons given to impeach president Clinton for the affair he had had with Monica Lewinsky.
International treaty to acknowledge that humans induced climate change exists and the developed world must reduce greenhouse gasses.
On September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda members flew planes into world trade center towers one and two, the pentagon, and crashed one into a field in Pennsylvania.
Islamic fundamentalist group; originally supported by U.S when fighting Russia in Afghanistan; anti-us; Osama ben Laden is Leader.
USA Patriot Act
law passed due to 9/11 attacks; sought to prevent further terrorist attacks by allowing greater government access to electronic communications and other information.
Department of Homeland Security
A proposal by President Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 federal employees.
Guantanamo Detention Camp
Located in U.S. territory outside the United States that serves as an extra-legal holding area for suspected terrorists.
Abu Ghraib prison
Prison in Iraq made famous by revelation of photos taken by Army Reserve MP guards in the acts of humiliating and torturing prisoners.
No Child Left Behind Act
A U.S. law enacted in 2001 that was intended to increase accountability in education by requiring states to qualify for federal educational funding by administering standardized tests to measure school achievement.
Considered to be the one crisis of the Bush administrations second term and in is inefficiency to deal with the crisis. It destroyed 80% of New Orleans and more than 1300 people died, while the damages were $150 billion.
A time period when credit use shrinks in an economy instead of expanding as during normal economic times.
American Relief and Recovery Act
President Obama's stimulus plan that contained tax/mortgage relief as well as new spending.
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Health care reform law passed in 2010 that includes incentives and penalties for employers providing health insurance as a benefit.
Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
Legislation passed during 2010 that was intended to reform regulation of the financial system.
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform, was impeached.
H. Ross Perot
The third party candidate in the 1992 election; he got 19% of the vote; the most for any independent since Teddy Roosevelt in 1912
Prominent child care advocate and health care reformer in Clinton administration; won U.S. senate seat in 2000.
Gingrich was the Republican speaker in the House. He pushed for more conservative legislation during Clinton's presidency.
Senator from Kansas, republican, election of 1996, VP nominee who lost to Walter Mondale.
This Republican senator was a prisoner of war during the Vietnam War and was seeking the Republican nomination in the 2008 presidential election.
Governor of Alaska who was the first female to ever be nominated for VP as a Republican.
White House intern whose supposed affair with Bill Clinton led to his impeachment.
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001.
The Vice President and President of the Senate as of January 19, 2009, Secretary of Defense under George Bush. Oversaw Operation Desert Storm.
Decorated Vietnam War veteran who lost the 2004 Presidential Election, current Secretary of State.
Became the first female Speaker of the House following the 2006 elections, current Speaker of the House.
44th U.S. President 2009-current Democratic, 1st African American president.
Current Vice President under Barack Obama.
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