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71 terms

Characters

odyssey characters for exam
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achaeans
collective name for all greek people, including the citizens of ithaca
aeaea
island home of circe
aegisthus
seducer of clytemnestra and murderer of agamemnon, killed by orestes.
aeolus
master of the winder
agamemnon
king of mycenae, son of atreus, husband of clytemnestra, murdered by her and aegisthus;brother of menelaus, leader of the largest contingent at troy
alcinous
king of phaecians, husband of arete, father of nausicaa
anticleia
daughter of autolycus, wife of laertes, mother of odysseus
antinous
son of eupithes, one of the two leading suitors
aphrodite
goddess of love, daughter of zeus and wife of Hephaestus
arete
queen of phaeacia, wife of alcinous, mother of nausicaa
argos
dog of odyseus
athena
goddess, defender of the achaens. helped odyseus
calypso
goddess-nymph, daughter of atlas, who makes her home on the lisland of ogygia
charybdis
monster in the form of a giant whirlpool, located across from scylla
cicones
trojan allies, living in thrace, to the north of troy
circe
goddess and enchantress of aeaea, who changes men to swine
clytemnestra
daughter of leda and tyndareus, queen of argos, wife of agamemnon, lover of aegisthus, and mother of orestes
ctesippus
suitor killed by philoetius
cyclops
a cannibal clan of one-eyed giants; also a name for polyphemus in particular
demodocus
blind singerr of the paeacians
dolius
an old manservant, attached to penelope, father of melanthuis and melantho
eidothea
sea-nymph, daughter of proteus
elpenor
companion of odysseus fell off of a roof while drunk and died
eumaeus
swineherd of odysseus
eurycleia
the old nurse of odysseus and telemachus, attendant of penelope
eurylochus
kin of odysseus, and his second in command
eurymachus
one of the two leading suitors, son of polybus, killed by odysseus
halitherses
ithacan elder with prophetic powers
helen
daughter of zeus and leda, wife of menelaus, consort of paris; her abduction by him from sparta caused the trojan war
helios
the sun
hephaestus
god of fire, the great artificer, son of hera, husband of aphrodite
hermes
god, son of zeus and Maia, messenger of the gods, giant-killer, and guide of dead sould to the underworld
icarius
father of penelope and brother of tyndareus
ino
daughter of cadmus, once a mortal and now a sea-nymph
irus
nickname of ithacan beggar whose true name is arnaeus
ithaca
home of odyseeus
lacedaemon
city and kingdom of menelaus
laertes
son of arcesius, husband of anticleia, father of odysseus
laestrygonians
legenary clan of giant cannibals
lotus-eaters
legendary people visited by odysseus, they live on a plant whose fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home
medon
herald of odysseus in ithaca
melanthuis
son of dolius, goatherd
melantho
daughter of dolius, maid of penelope
menelaus
son of atreus, king of lacedaemon, brother of agamemnon, husband of helen
mentes
son of anchialus, king of the taphians, name assumed by athena in ithaca
mentor
son of alcimus, ithacan friend of odysseus, othen impersonated by athena
muse
goddess, daughter of Zeus, one of the nine, all told, who preside over literature and the arts and are the sources of artistic inspiration
nausicaa
daughter of alcinous and arete
nestor
son of neleus, king of the pylians, father of antilochus, pisistratus, thrasmedes and others; the olders of the achaean chieftans
odysseus
grandson of arcesius and autolycus, son of laertes and anticleia, husband of penelope, father of telemachus, king of ithaca and the surrounding islands
oedipus
son of laius of jocasta(epicaste), her husband as well, and king of thebes
ogygia
island in the center of the sea and home of calypso
olympus
mountain in northeastern thessaly, the home of the gods
orestes
son of agamemnon and clytemnestra, and the avenger of his father
penelope
daughter of icarius wife of Odysseus, mother of telemachus, queen of ithaca
persephone
goddess of the underworld, daughter of demeter, and wife of hades
phaeacians
people of alcinous and arete, inhabitants of Phaeacia a kingdom whose alternative name is Scheria
polyphemus
cyclops, son of poseidonand Thoosa, blinded by odysseus
poseidon
god of the sea, son of cronus and rhea, younger brother of zeus, father of polyphemus, throughtout the Odyssey and inveterate enemy of odysseus
proteus
the old man of the sea' sercvant of poseidon and father of eidothea
pylos
nestor's capital city and also the region surrounding it in the southwestern peloponnese
scylla
man-eating monster that lives in a cliffside cavern opposite the whirlpool of charybdis
sirens
enchantresses of the sea, whose song can tempt a sailor to his ruin
sisyphus
legendary figure doomed in the underworld to rolling a boulder up an icline and forever failing to surmount its crest
sparta
capital city of lacedaemon, the home of menelaus and helen
tantalus
legendary figure doomed to eternal thirst and hunger in the underworld
telemachus
grandson of laeres and anticleia, son of odysseus and penelope, heir to the throne of ithaca
theoclymenus
argive seer of prophetic lineage, son of p olyphides
thrinacia
mythical island of Helios, the sungod, where he pastured his sacred cattle
tiresias
blind seer of thebes who retains his prophetic powers even in the underworld
zeus
king of the gods, son of cronus and rhea.