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Chapter 19
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Gravity
Terms in this set (21)
statistics
numbers of data
raw data
The initial data gathered that has not yet been graphed, organized, or analyzed.
frequency distribution
A summary chart, showing how frequently each of the various scores in a set of data occurs
line graph
A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over time
comparative line graph
multiple lines on a graph
circle graph
A graph of data where the entire circle represents the whole or 100%
population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and live in the same area
sample
A relatively small proportion of people who are chosen in a survey so as to be representative of the whole.
measure of central tendency
mean, median, mode
mean
average
weighted mean
Combines two sets of scores and then finds the overall mean for the combined group.
class mark
the middle value in a given class interval
median
The middle number in a set of numbers that are listed in order
mode
Most
ordered array, or list
listing the numbers in order from lowest to highest
bimodal
A distribution having two distinct peaks
range
Distance between highest and lowest scores in a set of data.
standard deviation
A computed measure of how much scores vary around the mean score.
normal curve
the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes.
price relatives
used to study the increase in prices over time and can be used to compare two items
consumer price index (CPI)
An average of the prices of the goods and services purchased by the typical urban family of four.
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