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25 terms

gov final 2

STUDY
PLAY
advisory system
a judicial system in which opposing lawyer president their strongest case
civil law
on relating to disputes among two or more individuals or between individuals and the government
contract
a set of voluntary promises enforced by the law, between two or more parties
denaturalization
the loss of citizenship through fraud or deception during the naturalization process
double jeopardy
retrial of a person who was acquitted in a previous trial for the same crime
establishment clause
the First Amendment guarantee the "congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion"
exclusionary rule
a law stating the any illegal obtained evidence cannot be used in a federal court
felony
a major crime
illegal alien
a person without legal permission to be in a country
incorporation
a process that extended to protections of the Bill of Rights against against the actions of state and local governments
indictment
a formal charge by a grand jury
jus sanguinis
latin phrase meaning "law of blood" the principle of grants citizenship on the citizenship of one's parents
jus soli
latin phrase meaning law of the soli" the principle that grants citizenship to nearly all people born in a country
libel
false written or published statements intended to damage a person's reputation
misdemeanors
i minor crime that is usually punished by a fine or jail sentence of less than one year
non-resident alien
a person form a foreign country who expects to stay in the United States for a short specified period of time
plaintiff
person who brings chargers in court
plea bargain
the process in which a defendant pleads guilty to a lesser crime than the one with which the defendant was originally charged
prior restraints
government censorship of information before it is published or broadcasted
pure speech
the verbal expression of thought and opinion before an audience that has chosen to listen
rational basis test
used by a Court to determine whether a state law is reasonably related to an acceptable goal of the government
resident alien
a person from a foreign nation who has established permanent residence in the United States
seditious speech
speech urging residence to lawful authority or advocating the overthrow of the government
slander
false speech intended to damage a person's reputation
statutory law
a law that is written down so the every one might know and understand