30 terms

Non-Fiction Terms 5/1

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Non-Fiction
The broadest category of literature.
Memoir
A type of narrative nonfiction that presents the story period in the writer's life and is usually written from the first-person point of view.
Biography
A nonfiction narrative of a persons life, written by someone other than that person.
Autobiography
The story of a persons life written by that person.
Journal
A personal record of experiences, ideas, and reflections that is kept on a regular basis.
Diary
A work in which a person keeps an informal record of events in his or her life.
Essay
A short piece of literary nonfiction devoted to a single topic from a limited viewpoint.
Expository Essay
Offer information about a topic.
Persuasive Essay
Promote an opinion or position.
Personal Essay
Informal Essays, such as the memoir.
Author's Purpose
An author's reasons for creating a literary work.
Persuasion
Writing that attempts to convince readers to think or act in a certain way.
Structure
The particular order or pattern a writer uses to present ideas.
Imagery
Descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five senses: sight, hearing, touching, tasting, and smelling.
Tone
The attitude that the writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character.
Style
The expressive qualities that distinguish an author's work, including word choice and length and arrangement or sentences, as well as the use of figurative language and imagery.
Bias
A particular preference or point of view that is personal, rather than scientific.
Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, or event from history, literature, or religion.
Figurative Language
Language used for descriptive effect in order to convey ideas or emotions.
Simile
A figure of speech that uses like or as to compare two things.
Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things without using the words as or like.
Personification
The attribution of human qualities or thoughts to an animal, object, or idea.
Hyperbole
Intentional exaggeration, usually used to create emphasis or humor.
Conflict
A struggle between two opposing forces in the plot of a story.
Internal Conflict
Occurs within the mind of a character who's torn between opposing feelings or goals.
External Conflict
exists when a character struggles against an outside force, such as another person or the rules of society.
Realism
Any accurate and detailed description in a literary work.
Foreshadowing
The use of clues by the author to prepare the readers for events that will happen in a story.
Irony
A conflict between reality and appearance or expectations.
Rhetoric
Effective writing or speaking.
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