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Chapter 7 - geography and early settlement of Egypt, Kush and Canaan

Study guide for chapter 7 study guide.
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3 environmental factors to settle land
Water, topology, and vegetation
Most important environmental factor
Water
Water was a source of ...
Food (animals, fish and crops)
Topography
the surface features of a place or region. The topography of a region includes hills, valleys, streams, lakes, bridges, tunnels, and roads.
What type of topography is good, and why?
Flat plains and valleys so they could plant crops
What type of topography is bad, and why?
Desert and mountains, dry and desolate and dry and hot - no water
Vegetation
all the plant life in a particular region
How did vegetation influence human settlements?
Food, Useful products, provided shade
Nile river
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
Egypt
In northeast africa, first settled around 3100 CE.
Kush
an ancient nubian kingdom whose rulers contolled egypt between 2000 and 350 B.C.
Mediterranean sea
the largest inland sea located north of africa
Nile river
Most important physical feature in ancient Egypt and kush
Physical features of Egypt and Kush
Nile river, fertile valley,desert, mediterranean sea
Formed natural barriers that protected the people of Egypt and kush
Libyan and Nubian deserts
Long channel of very salty body of water to the east of Kush and egypt
Red Sea
What was the most important ant environmental factor for settling by the Nile river
Source of fresh water in a desert area
How was the Nile river valley a naturally irrigated and fertile?
Every summer the river overflowed it's banks to irrigate and deposited silt that was perfect for farming
Name the 7 animals that were abundant in the nile region...
Fish, ducks, geese, hippos, crocodiles, giraffes, and ostriches
Why about the topology of the river valley encouraged settlement?
Wide flat areas around the river bends
What 2 types of useful plants were plentiful in the Nile valley?
Reeds and the tough water plant papyrus
Canaan
Land NE of Egypt settled by the israelites from 1800 bce - to 70 ce
Jordan river
River in SW Asia flows from Lebanon mountains south through the sea of galilee into the dead sea.
Jordan river flowed through the ________ of Canaan.
Middle
Jordan river empties into _______.
The dead sea
What desert in Canaan receives more moisture than most desert?
Negev
What is The key environmental factor in Canaan?
Water
What body of water enabled traders to visit Canaan from many foreign lands?
The Mediterranean
What was the main source for water in Canaan?
The Jordan river.
Was the Jordan as fertile as the Nile?
No - it did not flood as often.
What other body of water in Canaan was an important source of fresh water?
Sea of galilee
Why did more people in Canaan become herders rather than farmers?
Much of the land in Canaan was too hot, dry or hilly for farming.
What are herders?
They are nomads that move from place to place to find grasslands where their animals an graze