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77 terms

Ch 7-12 Quizzes

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Overall, the Second Great Awakening resulted in
increased belief in salvation attained through faith and good works
From 1800 to 1820, major changes in the United States transportation system included all the following except
the growth of a large railroad network
From 1800 to 1820, major changes in the United States transportation system included
-the development of a large merchant marine
-the invention and spread of steamboats
-the expansion of domestic shipping
-the building of turnpikes
In both England and the United States, the Industrial Revolution began in
the textile industry
The Rush-Bagot agreement between the United States and Britain
provided for American-British disarmament on the Great Lakes
In the early 1800s, women were
often educated to be better wives and mothers
Jefferson sought to make his victory in the election of 1800 a "revolution" by
reducing drastically the size and power of the national government
the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court ruled that
an act of Congress had exceeded its constitutional authority
The beginning of the American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted from all of the following developments except
monetary assistance from the federal government to new factories
The beginning of the American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted
-technological advances imported from England
-the appearance of better transportation systems
-new inventions such as the cotton gin
-the development of advanced steam engines
The acknowledged leader of American literature in the early 1700s, the man who created such characters as Rip van Winkle and Ichabod Crane, was
Washington Irving
President Jefferson was reluctant to accept the treaty for purchasing the Louisiana Territory because
he doubted that he had constitutional authority for such a purchase
Under the provisions of the Adams-Onis Treaty,
Spain ceded all of Florida to the United States
The decisions of the Marshall Court established
the power of the federal government to promote economic growth
By 1820, the United States had seen significant progress in transportation in the form of significantly improved
river steamboats
In 1817, when the federal government considered the bill to provide funding for internal improvements,
Congress passed the bill
The period 1817 to 1821 became known as the "era of good feelings" because there
was only one major political party
Between 1800 and 1820, the American textile industry experienced all of the following developments except
it produced no significant inventions or technological advances of its own
Between 1800 and 1820, the American textile industry experienced
-it expanded tremendously both before and after the war
-it saw the opening of the first American mill to combine spinning and weaving under one roof
-it suffered from the British dumping underpriced goods on the American market
-it experienced less foreign competition after the tariff of 1816
Following the War of 1812, westward expansion increased because
the Indian opposition to white settlement had considerably decreased
The growing nationalism of the late 1810s and 1820s was reflected in all the following developments except
the crisis over the admission of Missouri
The growing nationalism of the late 1810s and 1820s was reflected in
-the foreign policy of the federal government
-the adherence by many people to a set of shared sentiments
-the growth of the economy
-the patriotic celebrations every Fourth of July
When the charter of the Bank of the United States expired in 1811, state banks
issued bank notes that circulated as money
The "era of good feelings" became a popular label for the administration of
James Monroe
In Jacksonian America, the Democratic party's philosophy was based on all of the following ideas except
the stimulation of the economy by the federal government
In Jacksonian America, the Democratic party's philosophy was based on
-the elimination of the influence of the privileged
-the protection of social and economic mobility
-the promotion of political opportunities for white males
-the celebration of the common man
The theory of nullification is based on the principle that
individual states may declare federal laws unconstitutional
Andrew Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road Bill because the road would have
been mainly a single-state project
When Jackson heard Marshall's decision in the case between Georgia and the Cherokees (Worcester v. Georgia), he
refused to enforce the decision
Before the democratization of the 1820s and 1830s, states restricted the influence of the ordinary citizen in politics by all of the following methods except
restricting voting to members of a specific church
Before the democratization of the 1820s and 1830s, states restricted the influence of the ordinary citizen in politics by
-selecting presidential electors in legislatures
-placing property requirements on voters
-requiring voters to be taxpayers
-having legislators represent property rather than people
During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the common people gained political power through all of the following means except
enfranchisement of women and free blacks
During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the common people gained political power through
-creation of national nominating conventions
-elimination of property qualifications for voting
-increase in opportunity to hold political office
-challenge of entrenched office holders
The theory of nullification was based on the writings of
James Madison and Thomas Jefferson
In the mid-1800s, many westerners favored Indian removal for all of the following reasons except
to preserve the American Indians' independent status
In the mid-1800s, many westerners favored Indian removal for
-to put distance between the two cultures' living areas
-to help end frontier violence
-to open up new lands for white settlers
-to break tribal ties to valuable lands
Andrew Jackson and his followers believed that the United States needed
challenge the power of the eastern elites
During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the "spoils system" was used to replace
one out of five federal officeholders
In the 1820s and 1830s, skilled artisans faced all of the following problems except
reluctance of the various trades to work together
In the 1820s and 1830s, skilled artisans faced
-competition from factory-produced goods
-opposition from hostile courts to their unions
-economic ruin from panics and depressions
-displacement due to the rise of factories
All of the following statements are true of Irish and German immigrants of the 1840s except
the Irish tended to become farmers more than the Germans did
All of the following statements are true of Irish and German immigrants of the 1840s
-the Germans tended to settle in the Northwest more than the Irish did
-the Germans came over in family groups or as single men more than the Irish did
-the Irish had less money when they arrived than the Germans did
-the Irish settled largely in eastern cities
The form of transportation that had the biggest impact on the 1830s was the
canal
The economic revolution that transformed America between 1820 and 1860 brought all of the following changes except
the creation of a more united country
The economic revolution that transformed America between 1820 and 1860 brought all of the following changes
-the development of a national market economy
-the appearance of a major manufacturing sector
-the alliance of the Northeast and Northwest
-the participation of farmers in the increasingly international economy
In the 1820s, one major problem faced by the growing factory system was the
lack of a large labor supply
In general, nativists believed that
immigrants were politically corrupt and took jobs away from U.S. citizens
The early railroads of the 1820s and 1830s primarily served as
linkages between water routes
During the 1840s and 1850s, railroads experienced all of the following developments except
they improved the most in the Northwest
During the 1840s and 1850s, railroads experienced
-they found financial support from both private and government sources
-they diverted traffic away from the rivers and canals
-they consolidated some short lines into much longer lines
-they developed trunk lines to connect many regions
The rise of the factory began in the
textile industry in the Northeast
The United States of the 1840s and 1850s saw all of the following developments except
sharp decline in immigration from Europe
The United States of the 1840s and 1850s saw all of the following developments
-the rapid growth of Northeastern cities
-a booming agricultural economy in the West
-a major movement of shipping to the Great Lakes
-the rise of close economic ties between the Northeast and Northwest
Slaves often disliked serving as household servants on large plantations for all of the following reasons except
they were more likely to be sold to the owners of other plantations
Slaves often disliked serving as household servants on large plantations for all of the following reasons
-they were isolated from their fellow slaves
-they lacked privacy from the watchful eyes of the master's family
-they received punishments more than did other slaves
-they were especially vulnerable to sexual abuse
The percentage of white Southerners who were members of slave-owning families was approximately
25 percent
The Southern planter class
dominated the political, economic, and social life of the region
Small farmers in the South possessed all of the following characteristics
-a close relationship with their slaves
-ownership of few, if any, slaves
-limited access to educational opportunity
-low prospects for social mobility
Small farmers in the South possessed all of the following characteristics except:
independence from the plantation system
The "Southern lady" of the mid-1800s was taught to
obey her husband in all matters
Many non-slaveowning whites in the South were tied to the slave system by all of the following circumstances except
they feared the terrorist tactics that plantation owners used
Many nonslaveowning whites in the South were tied to the slave system by
-they depended on the plantations for economic favors
-they often relied on planters for credit
-they were often related by blood to wealthy slaveowners
-they shared the Southern belief in white racial superiority
For dangerous tasks, many plantation owners used
immigrant labor
The development of the North and the South differed in that the South
had fewer cities
The South did little to create a flourishing commercial or industrial economy because
-its climate was less suitable for industry
-its distinctly Southern values discouraged the growth of cities and industry
-its people had their money tied up in agriculture
-its agricultural system was greatly profitable
The most important crop in the South of the 1850s was
cotton
The best-known novels of James Fenimore Cooper featured tales of the
frontiersmen in the American wilderness
Walt Whitman expressed his love of American democracy and individuality by means of
poetry
Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalist philosophy included all of the following beliefs except
rejection of the existence of God
Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalist philosophy included all of the following beliefs
-an intimate connection between man and nature
-the sanctity of the individual
-self-reliance and independence of spirit
-a commitment to American ideals and nationalism
Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote scathingly of the dangers of individuality in such novels as
The Scarlet Letter
The founder of the Mormon faith was
Joseph Smith
Brook Farm was noted for its
attempt at utopian communal living
The transcendentalists called for
the use of emotion and intuition to go beyond the confines of understanding
Herman Melville created the epic tale of Captain Ahab's obsession with the pursuit of the great white whale in the novel
Moby Dick
Henry David Thoreau argued that it was necessary for individuals to
practice civil disobedience when laws were unjust
In the mid-1800s, the reform impulse in the United States included the idea that
man is essentially good and capable of positive change